In the recent past, the FCC (Federal Communications Commission) voted on a law that would change the way Americans live forever. Net neutrality has become a primary focus within the internet world; Most notably by giant corporations such as Verizon and Comcast which are trying to capitalize off of it. These corporations and others like them will benefit from the revoking of net neutrality. Revoking net neutrality is in no way beneficial to the American people. It is important for businesses, schools, and should be a natural right.
WHAT IS IT?Net neutrality is essentially an open internet, which is something millions of Americans rely on to learn, create, innovate, and access all kinds of information and opportunities. The internet has always been open and neutral. The vote to revoke it was three-two. With net neutrality revoked, people can’t be as innovative or creative because the FCC would give ISPs (Internet Service Providers) the power to monitor, sensor, and fee Americans when using the internet. ISPs like AT, Verizon, and Comcast would now be allowed to slow down their competitor’s services and speed up their own. For example, Comcast has a cable, internet, and TV streaming service called “Xfinity”.
Other competing streaming services that could be affected by ISPs are Hulu, Netflix, and Amazon. Also “For example, under the Obama-era rules, Verizon was not allowed to favor Yahoo and AOL, which it owns, by blocking Google or charging the search giant extra fees to connect to customers. Under the new rules, that type of behavior would be legal, as long as Verizon disclosed it.” This is one of the many negative effects of revoking net neutrality.FCCThe FCC is the independent government agency responsible for making the regulations for net neutrality and other policies similar to it. Although the FCC is overseen by congress, after the FCC votes on a topic it does not have to be approved by congress.
The FCC controls international communications such as radio, television, satellite, and cable in the U.S. The FCC’s six main components are broadband, competition, the spectrum, the media, public safety, and homeland security. It was assembled in 1934 under the Communications Act to succeed the FRC (Federal Radio Commission).PROCESSThe FCC’s regulation making process is called “notice and comment”. This process starts with the FCC giving the public notice that it is considering modifying or creating a regulation. They then listen to the public’s comment and consider them in the final decision.
LEADERSHIP There are five people involved in this process, four commissioners and one chairman. The current FCC chairman is Ajit Pai, appointed by the current president Donald Trump. Pai is a former Verizon lawyer and has lead the fight to revoke net neutrality. Despite the millions of Americans outraged at the thought of the repealing of net neutrality Pai strongly defends it.
LAWSUITSThe FCC has a long history of lawsuits with ISPs. They have had lawsuits with major networks like CBS, ABC, and FOX. The FCC has also had lawsuits filed against them from major ISPs including Comcast, Verizon, AT. FCC v COMCASTOn April 6th, 2010 the federal appeals court of D.C. ruled against the FCC.
They claimed the FCC “lacked the authority to force Internet Service Providers to keep their networks open to all forms of content”. The FCC has also had lawsuits with AT, and Verizon, two major ISPs. The FCC has long desired to control ISPs and with net neutrality revoked, it can.AT PROTESTSIn 2015, when Tom Wheeler was the FCC chairman under the Obama administration, Wheeler implemented a rule that required all ISPs to treat data equally, which protects net neutrality. After this rule was implemented Verizon sued and the rules were overturned.
Now that Ajit Pai is the FCC chairman he is in the process of making rules that abolish net neutrality. AT took a public stance on the issue. AT posted a statement in their website which read “AT&T supports an open internet”. Neither Verizon or Comcast has taken this stance publicly. Some Internet Service Providers say that “the move by the FCC will not lead to the death of the Internet, as some net neutrality activists have claimed.”. Even so, Americans are still outraged.
NET NEUTRALITY IN CHINAThe regional ISPs in china are owned and regulated by the Chinese government. China’s internet regulations were approved by their 1997 council. Their regulations say “No unit or individual may use the internet to create, replicate, retrieve, or transmit the following kinds of information: Inciting to resist or breaking the Communist Chinese Constitution or laws or the implementation of administrative regulations; Inciting to overthrow the government or the socialist system; Inciting division of the country, harming national unification; Inciting hatred or discrimination among nationalities or harming the unity of the nationalities; Making falsehoods or distorting the truth, spreading rumors, destroying the order of society; Promoting feudal superstitions, sexually suggestive material, gambling, violence, murder; Terrorism or inciting others to criminal activity; openly insulting other people or distorting the truth to slander people; Injuring the reputation of state organizations; Other activities against the Communist Chinese Constitution, laws or administrative regulations.” Everything done on the internet in China is monitored by the Chinese government. Chinese government officials claim the regulations are in place to maintain a ‘healthy internet”. PUSH BACKIt has been made clear by the American people that they are not in agreeance with the repealing of net neutrality.
There are currently many petitions fighting the repealing. The FCC spokesman Brian Hart said “the agency lacks the resources to investigate every comment. Supporters of the net neutrality rules are not blameless either, he added, pointing to 7.
5 million comments filed in favor of the regulations that appeared to come from 45,000 distinct email addresses, all generated by a single fake email generator website. Some 400,000 comments backing the rules, he said, appeared to originate from a mailing address based in Russia”. Change.org has gathered over one million signatures on a pro net neutrality petition to the FCC. The FCC ignored the voice of the American people and repealed net neutrality anyway. According to the NY times “The Trump administration’s plan to dismantle net neutrality regulations has brought this nightmare scenario to America’s digital doorstep.” and “Worse, abolishing net neutrality gives American corporations the means, motive and opportunity to become accomplices in selling out our freedom of speech.”.
There is push back from local, state, and federal government officials as well. “Since then, the number of senators signing on to that plan has grown. As of today, 26 had pledged to vote for a resolution that would overrule the FCC through the Congressional Review Act.
Under the act, Congress has 60 days to block the agency’s decision, and to prevent it from making similar decisions in the future.”. NET NEUTRALITY EFFECTSNet neutrality will affect many things. Negative Positive. Negative outweigh positive. Everyday livesSTOCKShttps://finance.yahoo.
com/STREAMING SERVICEShttp://www.tubefilter.com/2014/01/15/net-neutrality-decision-youtube-netflix/CONCLUSIONThe internet is a fundamental way for this people to access everything. For some in this generation it’s how they make money and live.
The FCC is trying to miminalize users accessibility which for decades have been free. Revoking net neutrality is in no way beneficial to the American people and the 99%. Under net neutrality is lack of censorship, and also open standards transparency. An open internet is the equal treatment of data. It allows open web standards, which allows those on the internet to communicate easily, do business, innovate, and create.