Inconclusion, autism has a complex and difficult effect on not only people livingwith the disorder, but also the family members that take care of theindividual. Once misdiagnosed as Asperger’ssyndrome, and later further looked into as the needs of these individuals varygreatly. The cost to families is animportant factor to consider, and with the increase of technology there willnot likely be a decrease in cost. Aftermany years of research, and different approaches studies are now showing thatautism can be managed, however though it may be now manageable, there is stillno definite cure and it is important to remember to start as early as possibledue to autism presenting itself as early as nine months of age in someindividuals. Autism is normally diagnosed through adevelopmental screening process during the well-baby checkups.
Once parents think their child is notexhibiting certain behaviors that are typically shown in others at the same agesince signs of autism can be detected as early as 9 months. Treatments for autism are minimal as mostmedications can only provide little relieve for certain symptoms and thedisorder is case by case and ranges in severity. Medications such as Ritalin can be prescribedto help mitigate self-injury and aggression, and hyper activity. Vitamin B6taken along with some magnesium has also proven to be beneficial for peoplewith autism to help with behavior and self-injury (Autism Canada, 2015), thoughagain these are just examples to help ease the disorder and there has not beenany significant findings to suggest a permanent fix. Alternative methods to aid individuals withautism would be early intervention. Getting help as soon as possible can help mitigate long termdisadvantages. Therapy as well asspecial education teachers and caregivers who specialize in dealing with autismare highly recommended.
Asstated before, there are no current known causes of autism, however there isresearch being conducted to find the root of the disorder. Some scientists have found that abnormalitiesin specific parts of the brain such as the hippocampus and amygdala areunderdeveloped in individuals with autism. Both of the aforementioned areas of the braincontrol things such as emotions, aggression, sensory input, and learning justto name a few functions. But the brainis not the only area of concern for autistic individuals, it has also beendiscovered that these particular individuals experience low levels of serotoninin the blood, as well as yeast deposits in the intestinal tract.
The financial aspects of taking care of a childwith autism can be very expensive, though there are many different insurancesand special aid that parents can seek out for assistance. Parents need to calculate the expense ofspecial education, physician and therapist visits, medications and paidcaregivers, which can cost thousands or millions of dollars depending on theseverity of the disorder as care will needed for the child’s lifetime. In some cases, individuals end up quittingtheir jobs out of necessity to be home with the child on a constant basis. This ultimately adds to the loss of income andproductivity in a household, and can make it difficult on a family. As a society, costs have been shown to reachto the billions for supporting children with autism.Accordingto a study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)released data on the prevalence of autism in the United States indicating that1 in 68 children showed signs of autism. In the study it was discovered thatautism affects roughly 1 in 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls, therefore showing thatautism is nearly four times more often to be present in boys and it typicallyis prevalent in the first born. Autism doesnot discriminate as it has been found all around the world and across allethnicities, however it is more likely to occur in Caucasian children thenAfrican American and Hispanic children (Autism Speaks, 2016).
As of right now, there is no conclusive causefor autism, however it is a common theory that it is caused by abnormalitiesduring development of the brain. Autismis usually identified by the time an individual reaches the age of three. Autismis a disorder that affects the functioning of the brain and can be marked byissues with certain aspects such as problems with social contact, intelligence,or even compulsive and odd behaviors to stimulus around a person’s environment. People with autism have a difficult timecommunicating with others as the disorder can interfere with a person’s visual,audio, and sensory receptors. In somecases, autism can be hard to spot until the problem develops in some children,sometimes the condition isn’t found until the child enters into school. Autism was first diagnosed as Asperger’ssyndrome, but later changed because though some of the symptoms were relativelyclose, they are not identical as individuals with Asperger’s display a strongerlanguage ability.