In a hormone and is produced by beta cells

In our life journey, we all experience
health problems such as hypertension, heart disease, or, diabetes. Diabetes is
frequently referred to as a way-of-life ailment and is extremely common these
days. As we all know, in America,
in nearly every town, we can easily find a fast-food restaurant that offers
food choices that cause people to become overweight. An unhealthy diet makes
them sick, and their life can become miserable. According to the
National Institute of Diabetes report, “An
estimated 30.3 million people in the United States, or 9.4 percent of the
population, have diabetes. About one in four people with diabetes don’t know
they have the disease. An estimated 84.1 million Americans aged 18 years or
older have prediabetes” (Diabetes). Therefore, we can tell, it is very
important for us to understand diabetes and its complications so that we can
avoid getting this disease.

To be more specific, diabetes is a disease that reduces the
production of insulin. Insulin is a hormone and is produced by beta cells in
the pancreas. Insulin is very important in that it aids glucose to go from the
blood to cells in the body. These beta cells allow blood sugar to be used as
energy for the body. With diabetes, if a body has stopped producing insulin or
has reduced the quantity of insulin, glucose will build up in the bloodstream
rather than go into the cells. The glucose level in the bloodstream becomes
high; this is called hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). According to the New
York State Health Department claims, “When diabetes is not controlled, glucose
and fats remain in the blood and, over time, damage vital organs” (World
Diabetes, 2017). Diabetes is considered as a chronic disease. In diabetes,
rising glucose acts as a toxic substance. Diabetes is frequently called the
silent killer because you can easily miss the symptoms.

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As a matter of
fact, there are two main types of
diabetes: Type I and Type II. With Type I (juvenile) diabetes, the pancreas
produces less insulin or no insulin at all. In order for the body to have
energy, sugar (glucose) needs to enter cells to produce energy. Type II is
defined as diabetes mellitus. It is a metabolic disorder and it happens when a
body is not appropriately using insulin or fails to produce it. People get
diabetes mellitus because of either inheritance or a bad lifestyle. According
to the researchers issued their outcomes and said, “The Diabetes Prevention
Program (DPP), a large prevention study of people at high risk for diabetes,
showed that lifestyle intervention to lose weight and increase physical
activity reduced the development of Type 2 diabetes by 58 percent during a
3-year period. The reduction was even greater, 71 percent, among adult’s ages
60 years or older” (Prevention, 2011). So, people should need to have a
balanced lifestyle in order for them to stay healthy.

To complicate
matters, there is a third type:
gestational diabetes. Pregnant women sometimes can have this because of
hormonal changes in the body. Cells are less to likely to respond to the
insulin hormone. Doctors suggest patients eat a balanced diet during and after
pregnancy. “Blood sugar that remains high in a woman with gestational diabetes
can cause her baby to grow very large (about 9 pounds or more). This makes it
hard for the baby to travel through the birth canal and can cause nerve damage
to the baby’s shoulders during birth. A very large baby has an increased chance
of being overweight or obese later in life. Being overweight or obese increases
the chance of also having diabetes later in life” (CDC, 2014).

Although this may be true, a healthy diet can play an important
role in improving life for diabetic patients. Each diabetic person should have
a diet plan from his or her dietician or physician.  A National Institute
of Diabetes states, “It is a critical part of managing your diabetes, because
controlling your blood sugar can prevent the complications
of diabetes. Healthy diabetic eating includes limiting foods that are high
in sugar; eating smaller portions spread out over the day; being careful
about when and how many carbohydrates you eat; eating a variety of whole-grain
foods, fruits, and vegetables every day; eating less fat; limiting your use of
alcohol; and using less salt” (Diabetic Diet Medline, 2015).

Unfortunately, diabetes can be very hard to manage, especially for
people who are addicted to sugary foods. For instance, I remember when my
friend’s father was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. He loved to eat ice cream
and mangoes every single day. The doctor sternly told him and his wife that, if
he kept eating like that, his life would be in danger. But his wife didn’t pay
attention and continued to buy and serve him various flavors of ice cream. His
glucose level increased tremendously, and he became hyperglycemic. He couldn’t
move the right side of his body and stammered and slurred words when he talked.
He continued to eat ice cream and other sugary foods, despite his doctor’s
warnings. Medical science could no longer help him, since he wasn’t willing to
do his part. In the end, his diabetes killed him.

With this in mind, we learn from my uncle’s abstinence and poor
food choices that nourishment offering balanced nutrition in all three meals
and occasional snacks is vital for diabetic patients.

A point often overlooked is that exercise (and not just a
healthful diet) is essential for everyone. Before starting an exercise program,
talk with your doctor and get his permission, especially if you have never done
any type of exercise in your life. Workouts can improve your blood sugar
control. Also, it can reduce your risk of heart-related diseases. “With Type 1,
it’s very important to balance your insulin doses with the food you eat and the
activity that you do – even if you are just doing house or yard work. Also,
if your blood glucose level is less than 100 mg/dl before you start your
activity, try having a small carbohydrate snack (about 15 grams) to increase
your blood glucose and reduce your risk for hypoglycemia” (Type 1 Diabetes,
2015).  It is especially important because, if your body is circulating
insulin levels, then the level will become higher throughout the time you
exercise — for instance, if you exercise more than thirty minutes in a day.
Also, exercise improves insulin levels and causes larger glucose usage for the
body. It can also help with maintaining the stress level and body weight.
Moreover, for Type II diabetes, monitoring one’s diet, doing regular exercise,
and taking medication can control the blood sugar level. “Physical activity
also plays an important part in preventing type 2 diabetes. A major Government
study, the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), showed that modest weight loss of
5 to 7 percent—for example, 10 to 15 pounds for a 200-pound person—can delay
and possibly prevent Type 2 diabetes. People in the study used diet and
exercise to lose weight” (Diabetes Diet, Eating 2016). We can tell from the
study how important exercising is for us. It doesn’t matter if we have diabetes
or are disease-free. We should just adopt the routine and do it regularly.

In my opinion,
prevention is the better choice, yet on the off chance that a person has
diabetes, there are ways to control, but not cure it. Doctors can prescribe
insulin (hormonal) shots, where a person can monitor the blood sugar levels
and, case by case, diabetic people learn to eat fewer carbohydrates and any
food that contains sugar. We should use sugar-free drinks instead of sugary
sodas or juices. After researching this topic, we should realize how diabetes
is affecting many people in the United
States. Unless we understand the disease, we
will not know how the disease can affect us. One day there will be a cure for
diabetes so that people can live healthy lives without pain, amputations, and
constant nutrition concerns. We need to eat a balanced diet and do exercise
because if we don’t, it can lead to health risks such as hypertension, heart
disease, or diabetes.