I feel like the historical context of this book affected the story in so many ways. One of the main and biggest ones is the ethnic divide between the Hazara and the Pashtun.I feel like many things would have been different if this particular divide did not affect Kabul as hard as it did. I strongly believe Hassan would not have gotten raped if he wasn’t Hazara and maybe amir would not have watched. Amir constantly saw but racism the Hazara had to endure in public so it was very clear to him.
Here is a quote directly from chapter 2 page 23 “An entire chapter dedicated to Hassan’s people! In it, I read that my people, the Pashtuns, had persecuted and oppressed the Hazaras. It said the Hazaras had tried to rise against the Pashtuns in the nineteenth century, but the Pashtuns had “quelled them with unspeakable violence. The book said that my people had killed the Hazaras, driven them from their lands, burned their homes, and sold their women. The book said part of the reason Pashtuns had oppressed the Hazaras was that Pashtuns were Sunni Muslims, while Hazaras were Shi’a.” Some could say that Amir watching what happend was another example of the Hazara getting mistreated for years. But it takes its psychological toll of Amir and he spends the rest of the book feeling empty, trying desperately to atone for this sin.
Once he goes back to Kabul and sees how war has torn his country and the grip the Taliban have on it. Evidence of that is shown when they go to the orphanage to find Sohrab and the director has sold him to a taliban official to keep the place running.”Rubble and beggars. Everywhere I looked, that was what I saw”(20:11). Some more historical context is that kite running was something he did with Hassan and whenever someone had to run the kite he always volunteered to go do it and would say ” For you a thousand times” and ironically at the end of the book after sohrab is brought to america and adopted, he takes him to fly a kite and as he runs it down he says ” For you a thousand times” which is a perfect way to end the book