Hypertension, knownas high blood pressure is a major health problem in many places over the world,attracting the public, physicians, and medical organizations to act upon it.The aim to this thesis is to provide a brief yet a comprehensive review of theproblem. https://www.ukessays.com/essays/nursing/hypertension-blood-pressure.php High blood pressure affectsaround 16 million people in the UK according to the British Heart Foundation.
An estimated 7 millions of those are undiagnosed, as there are rarely anysymptoms. Hypertension contributes to around half of all heart attacks andstrokes in the UK. https://www.bhf.org.
uk/heart-matters-magazine/medical/high-blood-pressure-latest-news The aim is to raiseawareness as this is becoming a bigger issue day by day. Figures of 30% ofwomen and 32% of men have high blood pressure and are three times more likelyto develop heart disease and stroke, with other factors such as heart failureand kidney disease. There is also increasing evidence that it is a risk factorfor vascular dementia. Approximately 62,000 unnecessary deaths occur due topoor blood pressure control with one third of people being unaware of themhaving blood pressure. This shows that there could be many more risks that itIs causes therefore attention is needed to make sure the public are aware ofthe consequences and act upon it.http://www.bloodpressureuk.
org/microsites/kyn/Home/Media/Factsandfigures Systolic bloodpressure (SBP) is the highest pressure created by the contracting of the heartand diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is the lowest pressure measured as the heartfills. Blood pressure (BP) is described as a continuous variable with means andstandard deviation values. Blood pressure is measured in standard unit of mmHg,which can be applied to SBP, DBP and pulse pressure(PP). Study over the past 30years published from the Framingham have suggested that cardiovascular disease impactdoes not directly derive principally from DBP.