Hurricane Texas, Louisiana, Belize, and more. They both took

 Hurricane
Katrina and Hurricane Harvey are two very devastating events that happened in
the United States of America. Hurricane Katrina affected the areas of south and
central Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi which is most of southeastern North
America. Hurricane Harvey affected Texas, Louisiana, Belize, and more. They
both took lives, destroyed homes, and affected many many people.  They
were both the costliest hurricane and before Hurricane Harvey happened in 2017,
Hurricane Katrina was the costliest in 2005.

Formation of Hurricane Katrina

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             Hurricane Katrina started on August 23,
2005 when the National Hurricane Center in Miami made the first observation
about the tropical depression southeast of the Bahamas. On August 24, 2005, the
hurricane got the name of Katrina. As the storm was 230 miles off the coast of
Miami , the winds were blowing about 40 miles an hour. On August 25, 2005, they
have now considered Katrina a hurricane which reached the winds of 75 miles an
hour and making the hurricane category one. Katrina was predicted to make
landfall around 5pm and
around 7 winds were starting to destroy landscapes as they were blowing upwards
of 80 miles per hour. The eye of the storm was around 70 miles northwest of the
Florida Keyes on August 26, 2005. By August 27 Katrina had been upgraded to a category 3. Everyone in New Orleans was
being evacuated by August 28, 2005 as the storm had been upgraded two more
times to a category 5 hurricane with winds exceeding 175 miles per hour.
Because of this classification New Orleans was preparing for extreme devastation.

Formation of Hurricane Harvey

            On August 17, 2017 Harvey received its name just 6 hours after
being discovered as the National Hurricane Center saw the possibility of a big
storm. On August 19 Harvey was reduced to a cyclonic circulation with winds
less than 75 miles per hour. On August 24th Harvey received hurricane status
and became a category 2 hurricane before the end of the day. On the 25th Harvey
was upgraded to a category 3 storm and just a few hours later they had upgraded
Harvey again to a category 4. Harvey was now only 45 miles from land and by the
26th Harvey maintained category 4 status and ravaged Texas causing record
flooding upwards of 25 inches. By August 30 Harvey hits Louisiana which is the
second time the storm has reached land this time leaving around 10 inches of
water.

Saffir-Simpson’s Scale

            The
Saffir-Simpson scale is a 1 to 5 scale of how devastating a hurricane will be
based upon wind speed and storm power. Both Katrina and Harvey were devastating
storms both on and off the coast. Hurricane Katrina actually reached category 5
levels off the coast of New Orleans on August 28, 2005 however by the time it
reached landfall it was reduced to a category 3 when it hit Bay St. Louis on
August 29, 2005. Harvey on the other hand never maxed out on the scale but
maintained a category 4 rating through sea onto landfall in Rockport, Texas on
August 25, 2017. The main difference between the two here is that Katrina
actually reached category 5 status but was downgraded before land and Harvey was
higher when it made landfall maintaining category 4 status.

Unusual Features Katrina

With
Hurricane Katrina on the way to New Orleans, they should’ve been able to
evacuate everyone way before the hurricane as New Orleans has been hit six
times in the past century.  It was the
largest hurricane to hit since 1992 and was also the most costly hurricane in
history at its time.

Unusual Features
Harvey

It was the worst hurricane in history. It caused fewer deaths
than Katrina because they had a longer warning to evacuate people from Texas.

Reasons why it made new headlines

As the media grows so does it headlines and
information is more readily available and spreads much faster. Both of these
hurricanes made many headlines as they were both the most devastating storms in
terms of physical and monetary damage at the time that they hit. Katrina was
the most deadly in history with over 1,800 deaths. By the time hurricane
Katrina made landfall hundreds of thousands of people were displaced and more
than three quarters of the city was flooded. Many thousands of people were not
able to flee the city and took refuge at the superdome in New Orleans. Oil was
also a big headline as 44 major facilities were shut down and affected and 7
million gallons of oil were spilled. Perhaps the largest headline other than
human life and personal damage was that the flooding was in part because of a
failed system of water containment structures that were not engineered to hold
water like they should have been. Hurricane Harvey saw many of the same
headlines as Katrina however due to the proliferation of social media
everything was out there for the world to see. Many people showed their support
for those affected by Harvey and also showed their mistrust for some of the
large disaster relief entities. Many set money to local supporters or created
their own groups to send money directly to the people rather than through an
agency. Harvey caused almost 200 billion dollars worth in damages and claimed
the lives of close to 100 people. It was the first major hurricane to make
landfall following a 12 year drought. Many third world countries were also
affected with lots of damage and widespread loss of power, while a few years
ago we may have not even heard of this but with social media we see pictures of
the countries and it brings it to real life for many of us.

Descriptions about Harvey

Hurricane
Harvey people who needed shelter were sent to the largest Houston shelter which
held 11,000 people, which is twice the amount that it is supposed to hold.
People were sleeping on towels because they didn’t have enough beds for
everyone. Over 50,000 people went to government-paid hotels.  They turned
the Toyota center into an overflow for families with children who didn’t have
pressing medical needs. Hurricane Harvey dumped approximately 27 trillion
gallon of water on Texas and Louisiana. Hurricane Harvey started out as
tropical wave near the Caribbean sea. In 12 years (2005), Hurricane Harvey was the first major
hurricane to hit with a Category 4 rating. Hurricane Harvey caused upwards of
$180 billion in damages, that is more than any other hurricane reported even
surpassing the previous hurricane Katrina. Hurricane Harvey had 91 Fatalities.
There were 203,000 homes that were damage and 12,700 were destroyed. They had
80 tractor-trailer loads of supplies delivered to them once the hurricane was
over. They received 51.88 total inches in rainfall.

Descriptions about Katrina

Hurricane
Katrina caused large impacts on a ton of people. They used the Louisiana Superdome
as a shelter of last resort which served as a shelter for about 9,000 people
and 550 National Guardsmen. With rescuers bringing in people from the storm the
Louisiana Superdome got up to about 15,000 people which they brought supplies
that would cover around 15,000 people but only for three days. By August 29th nearly 80 percent of
the city was under some quantity of water, and they rescued about 34,000
people. Hurricane Katrina causing $108 billion in damages. They noticed that
Katrina had begun 200 miles of the coast of the Bahamas.  Hurricane
Katrina had between 1,245-1,836 fatalities. About 800,000 houses were destroyed
or damaged in the storm. Hurricane Katrina received about 5 to 10 inches of
rain.

Responses by Government Katrina

            After
the first four days when Katrina hit landfall, President George W. Bush signed
a $10.4 billion aid packed and got 7,200 National Guard troops. Then he
requested another $51.8 billion to help them out. Louisiana department of
transportation signed a agreement to help people who couldn’t get out of the
city on their own. They have learned 17 lessons once they reviewed Katrina, as
well as 125 specific recommendations, and 11 critical actions to be completed
before June 1, 2006.

Responses by Government Harvey

            The FEMA had provided more than 1.9
million meals, liters of water, 4,700 blankets, and more than 1,400 cots to
Texas. They sent to Louisiana more 416,000 meals, and liters of water. The red
cross had more than 2,000 disaster workers on the ground and people from the
Mexican Red Cross to help support shelter, aid and help connect with Spanish
speaking disaster survivors. President Trump issued a declaration to help
federal agencies help Texas. The Coast Guard deployed 50 aircrafts, 75 boats,
and other items which help rescue 11,022 people and 1,384 pets. The department
of Health and Human Services Deployed more than 1,110 medical equipment and
supplies to help out.