com/articles/168688-why-does-britain-want-to-leave-the-eu-understanding-the-brexit-beefhttps://www.economist.com/news/britain/21695056-talk-taking-back-power-may-be-delusional-more-democracy-not-dreaming-sovereignty Thesis statement: – The U.K. did not understand/missed information onthe EU. Sub-arguments: 1. TheU.K.
never really was a part of the EU.2. Consequencesweren’t explained to the British people In the treaty of Lisbon the article 50 was made. Thisarticle was the first formal mechanism for countries to have a plan if theywant to leave the EU. Prime minister Theresa May is going to use this mechanismafter the Brexit referendum in June 2016. Brexit will officially be instated inthe year 2019 according to the plan. England voted to leave the EU with 53,4%to 46,6%1.
After this vote David Cameron stepped down and so did a lot of the conservativepro-brexit party members. This shows that the UK did not understand the EU andthat they were surprised and shocked that the people voted to leave. There are obvious cultural differences between the UKand the rest of Europe. The UK has been part of the EU since 1973.. The birtseven admit not calling themselves a ‘European”. That has so to with a number offactors starting with the distance The Uk is an island and is therefore splitfrom continental Europe, they drive on the otherside of the road in continentalEurope we drive of the right side and in England and Ireland they drive on theleft side and details like voltage and difference in food. The most importantand obvious differences are ofcourse the currency and law.
Most countries inthe EU and in Europe deal with the euro, which is the official currency of theEuropean Union although the UK was part of the EU they always dealt with thepound sterling since the age of Charlemagne. Changing the pound to the euro hasalways been a controversial subject in the UK. Most countries in the EU arebased on civil law which is based on the roman law and where the power isdivided in three branches; the judiciary, legislative and executive. Contraryto this is the common law, which is executed in the UK (except Scotland) wherethe highest power lies with the judge.
Considering these differences I can askmyself in the UK ever really was an active part of the EU. The name Brexit is a merging of the two words Britainand Exit and is a short term for the leaving of Britain out of the UK. The EUstarted to exist after World War Two and started as an economic collaborationbetween countries in Europe. The EU can be seen as one big country where moneyand people and capital can move freely, they share a currency and an overallruling parliament. To become a member state you must require a set of rules andregulations, these are called the ‘Copenhagen Criteria’. These conditions aredivided in three criterium; political, economic and the aquis. With exampleslike respecting human rights, having a market economy and EU law. PrimeMinister Theresa May has made clear for a long time that she wants to leave thesingle market and the Customs Union and when the Brexit negotiations are overin 2019 the Uk will no longer be a part of these treaties.
According to thesite the Office of national statistics (2016) the UK total Imports were about590,5 billion pounds 318,0 billion of this was with the EU and 243,0 billionwas with the rest of the world. Leaving the EU means giving up the right toimport and export with the other 27 member states without the interference ofcustoms or possible tariffs. This would mean a decrease in wealth afterconcluding that the EU is UK most important trade partner. The Guardian (2017)says that the greatest shock of the brexit was felt in UK Capital. The mayor ofLondon Sadiq Khan even said that the full exit from the EU market would be”economic self-sabotage”. Free movement of capital helps trades across bordersfor example investing in other European companies. The free movement in ofpeople the EU makes it possible totravel or live freely through all the member states. Brexit will affect lots ofimmigrants living in Britain, from now on if EU citizens want to immigrate forwork or studying to the UK they would have to apply for permission under theproposals.
Michel Banier head of EU negotiations says “There are extremelyserious consequences of leaving the single market and it hasn’t been explainedto the British people”. According to the financial times Britain will have tonegotiate, replace or remake 759 arrangements with 168 countries because theagreements were signed by the EU. I think the british people didn’ttake in account the consequences brexit would have.
‘Free movement’ and sovereignty were the drive for thebrexit vote to leave. The UK is one of the wealthiest countries in the EU andtherefore attracts immigrants from less wealthier EU countries. About 2,7immigrants from else where in Europe have moved to the UK for job opportunities(CER 2014). Taking job opportunities was something the Britons did not agreewith anymore and brexit will give them the opportunity to close the borders andake their own decision who can enter and leave the UK. The groing power ofBrussels and the intensity of the regulations which were shown during theEurocrisis is what drove the Brexit leavers to vote. Justice secretary MichaelGove said that “our membership of the EU stops us being able to choose whomakes critical decisions which affect all our lives”. Leaving the EU will makethe National laws supreme of the EU laws. The referendummade clear that the European Union would lose yet another member and thatdemocracy had spoken.
The subject of this paper is to analyze why the UK votedto leave the EU. This paper was written to explain that the voters did not haveall the information and did not understand what the EU entailed, and thereforevoted to leave the EU. This begins with explaining that there has always been acultural difference between the EU and UK and that because of the difference inlaw, currency, food and even because of UK’s place on the map. Creating thisotherness created the misunderstanding of the EU and controversy.
The analyzealso shows that brexit led to a lot of consequences which the UK did not thinkabout enough. On one hand they did get their advantages out of brexit like lessimmigrants and increasing national power. But on the other hand losing the’single market’ system led to discrease in wealth, global influence, trade and capital which allhad an impact on the economy and in the end they have to create hundreds of newtreaties. Brexit will leave Britain standing on it’s own, driving out Scotlandand Northern Ireland will lead to an economic downfall.
The EU will only sufferin a short-period and will redeem itself even bigger. According to Tim oliver “Theconcern is more that the EU and its members will need to protect themselvesfrom the damage a close friend would inflict on itself” 1