a ‘European”. That has so to with a

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Thesis statement:


– The U.K. did not understand/missed information on
the EU.




1.     The
U.K. never really was a part of the EU.

2.     Consequences
weren’t explained to the British people



In the treaty of Lisbon the article 50 was made. This
article was the first formal mechanism for countries to have a plan if they
want to leave the EU. Prime minister Theresa May is going to use this mechanism
after the Brexit referendum in June 2016. Brexit will officially be instated in
the year 2019 according to the plan. England voted to leave the EU with 53,4%
to 46,6%1.
After this vote David Cameron stepped down and so did a lot of the conservative
pro-brexit party members. This shows that the UK did not understand the EU and
that they were surprised and shocked that the people voted to leave.


There are obvious cultural differences between the UK
and the rest of Europe. The UK has been part of the EU since 1973.. The birts
even admit not calling themselves a ‘European”. That has so to with a number of
factors starting with the distance The Uk is an island and is therefore split
from continental Europe, they drive on the otherside of the road in continental
Europe we drive of the right side and in England and Ireland they drive on the
left side and details like voltage and difference in food. The most important
and obvious differences are ofcourse the currency and law. Most countries in
the EU and in Europe deal with the euro, which is the official currency of the
European Union although the UK was part of the EU they always dealt with the
pound sterling since the age of Charlemagne. Changing the pound to the euro has
always been a controversial subject in the UK. Most countries in the EU are
based on civil law which is based on the roman law and where the power is
divided in three branches; the judiciary, legislative and executive. Contrary
to this is the common law, which is executed in the UK (except Scotland) where
the highest power lies with the judge. Considering these differences I can ask
myself in the UK ever really was an active part of the EU.


The name Brexit is a merging of the two words Britain
and Exit and is a short term for the leaving of Britain out of the UK. The EU
started to exist after World War Two and started as an economic collaboration
between countries in Europe. The EU can be seen as one big country where money
and people and capital can move freely, they share a currency and an overall
ruling parliament. To become a member state you must require a set of rules and
regulations, these are called the ‘Copenhagen Criteria’. These conditions are
divided in three criterium; political, economic and the aquis. With examples
like respecting human rights, having a market economy and EU law. Prime
Minister Theresa May has made clear for a long time that she wants to leave the
single market and the Customs Union and when the Brexit negotiations are over
in 2019 the Uk will no longer be a part of these treaties. According to the
site the Office of national statistics (2016) the UK total Imports were about
590,5 billion pounds 318,0 billion of this was with the EU and 243,0 billion
was with the rest of the world. Leaving the EU means giving up the right to
import and export with the other 27 member states without the interference of
customs or possible tariffs. This would mean a decrease in wealth after
concluding that the EU is UK most important trade partner. The Guardian (2017)
says that the greatest shock of the brexit was felt in UK Capital. The mayor of
London Sadiq Khan even said that the full exit from the EU market would be
“economic self-sabotage”. Free movement of capital helps trades across borders
for example investing in other European companies. The free movement in of
people  the EU makes it possible to
travel or live freely through all the member states. Brexit will affect lots of
immigrants living in Britain, from now on if EU citizens want to immigrate for
work or studying to the UK they would have to apply for permission under the
proposals. Michel Banier head of EU negotiations says “There are extremely
serious consequences of leaving the single market and it hasn’t been explained
to the British people”. According to the financial times Britain will have to
negotiate, replace or remake 759 arrangements with 168 countries because the
agreements were signed by the EU. I think the british people didn’t
take in account the consequences brexit would have.


‘Free movement’ and sovereignty were the drive for the
brexit vote to leave. The UK is one of the wealthiest countries in the EU and
therefore attracts immigrants from less wealthier EU countries. About 2,7
immigrants from else where in Europe have moved to the UK for job opportunities
(CER 2014). Taking job opportunities was something the Britons did not agree
with anymore and brexit will give them the opportunity to close the borders and
ake their own decision who can enter and leave the UK. The groing power of
Brussels and the intensity of the regulations which were shown during the
Eurocrisis is what drove the Brexit leavers to vote. Justice secretary Michael
Gove said that “our membership of the EU stops us being able to choose who
makes critical decisions which affect all our lives”. Leaving the EU will make
the National laws supreme of the EU laws.




The referendum
made clear that the European Union would lose yet another member and that
democracy had spoken. The subject of this paper is to analyze why the UK voted
to leave the EU. This paper was written to explain that the voters did not have
all the information and did not understand what the EU entailed, and therefore
voted to leave the EU. This begins with explaining that there has always been a
cultural difference between the EU and UK and that because of the difference in
law, currency, food and even because of UK’s place on the map. Creating this
otherness created the misunderstanding of the EU and controversy. The analyze
also shows that brexit led to a lot of consequences which the UK did not think
about enough. On one hand they did get their advantages out of brexit like less
immigrants and increasing national power. But on the other hand losing the
‘single market’ system led to discrease in wealth,  global influence, trade and capital which all
had an impact on the economy and in the end they have to create hundreds of new
treaties. Brexit will leave Britain standing on it’s own, driving out Scotland
and Northern Ireland will lead to an economic downfall. The EU will only suffer
in a short-period and will redeem itself even bigger. According to Tim oliver “The
concern is more that the EU and its members will need to protect themselves
from the damage a close friend would inflict on itself”