How did the Baby Boom most defined Canada?The baby boom was a generation that was by far by the largest of Canada’s population. According to the 2011 Canadian Census, 9.6 million people or twenty-six percent of the Canadian population were baby boomers. (Statistics Canada, 2012) The baby boom of 1946 to 1964 was a period of time when the birth rate of the population was significantly higher than the average. A baby boomer is someone who was born within the baby boom era.
During the baby boom , approximately 412,000 babies were born each year. The baby boom lasted 20 years in Canada. The baby boom Flash forward to 2017, a very similar number of babies are born each year, thousands of them in major cities in Canada such as Toronto, Vancouver etc. However, today’s family looks different. ” 1 in 6 couples in Canada struggle with infertility treatments. Just one of the reasons many choose to have their families at a later age.
The Great Depression in the 1930’s had prolonged the decline in Canada’s birthrate as it had for most western countries. By 1937, the total fertility rate fell to an average of 2.64 children per woman. But that would change following World War 2.More people were marrying at younger ages and having more children during the boomer years. The phenomenal of the lonely soldier coming back from war precipitated.
Marriage rates jumped and so did the number of births. Between 1945-46 Canada saw the largest annual increase of births, a jump of 15%. Because of the increase in population, many families moved to suburban communities to escape the crowding in the cities.Increased economic progress contributed to more now and better products The advent of the generation gap between older and younger generation. Teens had their own culture. New struggle emerge regarding women’s rules. During the war, many wives and mothers worked in factories to support the war effort.
After many were encouraged to return to their homes, many stayed in the workforce. The government realized the did not have enough facilities for the rapidly growing economy. The set up multi-billion projects to create more facilities. Construction meant more jobs, which helped the economy and decreased the unemployment rate.The projects helped built hospitals, schools, roads and libraries. Major multibillion-dollar projects were launched on a natural scale.
The Trans Canada Highway (1949-1966) and the Trans Canadian Pipeline (1947) are two examples of projects that played a major role in developing modern Canada and her economy.During the 1950’s the government introduced new programs to help families and help build the economy. The government introduced Baby Bonus, which are called Child Tax Benefits, were used to support children and to help mothers. Family Allowances were also distributed.
Disability pensions were also introduced which helped Canadians to accept disability in society. The 1950s were also a time where society started to take education more seriously. Jobs/careers required more education and people stayed in school longer.
Education Grants were given in hopes of helping the new generation get a proper education The Canada mortgage and housing corporation was created to help families pay for their houses at affordable rates. As the demand for houses increased. housing neighbourhoods were built on cheaper outskirts of cities called suburbs. This allowed people to buy their homes at a more affordable price. Living in the suburbs meant travel. The demand for cars dramatically increased.In the workforce, factories that used to make warfare to help support the Allies during WW1 & WW11, now were used to make diapers, toys and bicycles. The workplace offered babysitting as an option for working mothers.
A growing population meant an increase in demand for Canada’s oil, gas, minerals, wheat, fish and manufactured products.Baby boomers are turning 65 at a breakneck speed of 1000 per day. That’s 30,000 a month and 365,000 retirees a year. The ageing of the population is projected to accelerate rapidly. As more as the baby boom generation turns 65, the number of senior citizens could exceed the number of children for the first time in Canadian history. By 2036, the senior population in Canada is expected to be more to double and it estimated to represent 25% of the total population compared to 14% in 2009.
( Statistics Canada, par . 2). It’s exciting as a lifetime of commitment and hard work culminates in a well- deserved retirement. Now they can relax and listen to the waves and watch the sun go down. But what does that mean for Canada’s job market? The Generation X population, those who were born between 1964- 1980 amount to only 60% of the baby boom’s population, which means they will only fill in about 60% of open positions left by the baby boomers. So what happens to the other 40%? “It’s like a game of reverse musical chairs, with more and more empty chairs and fewer and fewer people to sit on them” ( ” Explainer Videos” 00:00:38-44). The municipality where the average retirement age is 57 is more vulnerable to other sectors to the accelerated drain of qualified staff. ( “Explainer Videos” 00:00:44-52).
The subject of pensions, home care and health care will also be top priorities in future elections in Canada. Seniors tend to vote in greater numbers than the younger generation. You will find that more and more politicians will give an ear to older people concerns. An ageing population also means that the tax burden will also disproportionately shared a smaller tax base of younger people. Due to a rapidly ageing workforce, Canada’s labour woes will also greatly increase for a time. On the one hand, the boomers’ exit from the labour force will slow economic growth, eroding the tax base and eating into government revenues.(David, par 15) The flourish of seniors needs and demands from their governments – specifically health care and income support programs, such as Old Age Security.
Health care spending, in particular, increases significantly for people 65 and older. The result is that boomers are putting intense and growing pressure on government budgets. The provinces in particular generally aren’t prepared for what’s coming.The fiscal squeeze also raises troubling questions about inequity between generations.( David, par 35) The boomers generally did very well while they were in the workplace, earning higher inflation-adjusted wages than Generations X and Y( born in 1980-1990), and enjoying better pensions and benefits. These younger workers are being saddled with the task of paying for rising spending needs, mainly in health care, which is eating nearly half of provincial budgets.
(David, par 40)”We built this government machine that takes tax revenues from everybody and gives them disproportionately to this growing population of older people The demographic forces are so powerful that governments must deal with the problem of rising health-care spending now, either by raising taxes or curbing costs. Future generations should not be expected to subsidize health care for baby boomersA simple solution is to have a Succession plan, which is a process of identifying and developing new leaders who can replace old leaders when they retire, resign or die. By starting to develop future leaders now, they will fill the chairs with their own homegrown talent as people leave.
But don’t lose sight of the fact that it will never be enough. ( ” Explainer Videos” 00:00:56- 01:05)