Goodevening! Today I want to tell you about the history of tea.
An old Chineseleg?nd says that during a l?ng d?y sp?nt r?aming the forest ins?arch of ?dible gr?ins ?nd h?rbs, a farmer Shannong (Shennong) ?ccid?ntally p?isonedhims?lf 72 times. But bef?re the pois?ns could end his lif?, aleaf drifted into his m?uth. He chewed ?n it and it reviv?d him, and th?t ish?w we disc?vered tea.Or so theanci?nt leg?nd goes at least. Arch?ological evidenc?s sugg?st that tea w?sfirst cultiv?ted as early as 6000 years ago. At that time, it was consumed verydiff?rently. It w?s e?t?n as a veg?table or co?k?d with gr?in porrdge.
Tea ?nlyshift?d from f?od to drink 1500 years ago, when people realized that ac?mbination of heat and m?isture c?uld create a c?mplex taste ?ut of the leafygreen. That is h?w the Chinese cre?te a beverage called Mu? Cha or Matcha.Matcha becames? p?pular that a distinct Chin?se t?a cultureemerged. Tea w?s the subj?ct of b?oks and p?etry, the favorite drink ofemperors. But how tea was spread around the world?First ofall, in the 9th c?ntury during Tang Dynasty, a Jap?nese m?nk br?ughtthe first te? pl?nt to Japan. The Japanese devel?ped their ?wn unique ritu?lsar?und te?, le?ding t? the cre?tion of s? p?pular Japanese tea ceremony.But the re?lspread began at the beginning of the 16th century when Dutch tradersbr?ught tea to Europe in large qu?ntities. Later at17th century, Great Britain was exp?nding its col?nial influ?nce andbec?ming the new dominant w?rld power.
And as Gr?at Britain grew, inter?st int?a spre?d around the world. By 1700, t?? in Eur?pe sold for ten tim?s thepric? of c?ffee and the plant w?s still ?nly gr?wn in China. At first,Brit?in paid f?r all this Chinese te? with silver, but when it bec?me tooexpensive, they suggested tr?ding te? for ?nother subst?nce – opium. Thistriggered ? public he?lth problem within Chin? ?s people bec?me ?ddicted to thedrug. Then in 1839, a Chinese offici?l ?rdered to destroy massiv? British shipm?ntsof ?pium as a statem?nt against Brit?in’s influ?nce ?ver China. This acttrigg?red th? First Opium W?r betw?en two n?tions. In 1842, Qing Dyn?sty l?stthe war, g?ve the p?rt of H?ng Kong to th? British, and r?sumed tr?ding onunfav?rable terms.L?ter theBritish E?st India Comp?ny also w?nted to be able to gr?w tea themselv?s andfurther c?ntrol the m?rket.
So they c?mmissioned bot?nist Robert F?rtune toste?l tea fr?m China in c?vert op?ration. And he r?ached succ?ss. More?ver, her?cruited exp?rienced te? work?rs and th?n moved with them into Darjeeling,India. From th?re the pl?nt spread furth?r still, h?lping drink t?a’s rapid gr?wthas an ev?ryday commodity.T?day teais the sec?nd most c?nsumered bev?rage in the w?rld aft?r water, and fr?msugary Turkish Riza tea, to s?lty Tibetian butt?r tea, there ?re almost as m?nyways of prep?ring the bev?rage as ther? cultures on the gl?be.For todaythat is all. Thank you for your attention! Good Bye! Referenceshttps://wiki2.org/en/History_of_teahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Empirehttps://www.teamuse.com/article_010502.html