Geography Malaysia is located in southeast Asia and is separated by the south china sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia) and East Malaysia (Malaysian Borneo). Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand at the north and maritime borders with Singapore at the south. It also shares borders with Vietnam at the northeast, and Indonesia in the west.
East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Malaysia is situated at the nexus of one the major maritime trade routes of the world. As a result, the population of Malaysia, like that of Southeast Asia as a whole, shows great ethnographic complexity. Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy with a ceremonial head of state—a monarch—who bears the title Yang di-Pertuan Agong (“paramount ruler”) and who is elected from among nine hereditary state rulers for a five-year term. The Malaysian constitution, drafted in 1957 following the declaration of independence (from the British) by the states of what is now Peninsular Malaysia, provides for a bicameral federal legislature, consisting of the Senate (Dewan Negara) as the upper house and the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) as the lower. The paramount ruler appoints a prime minister from among the members of the House of Representatives. On the advice of the prime minister, the monarch then appoints the other ministers who make up the cabinet.
The number of ministers is not fixed, but all must be members of the federal parliament. The federal government also includes an independent judiciary and a politically neutral civil service. The economy of Malaysia is the 4th largest in Southeast Asia, and is the 35th largest economy in the world.
Malaysia relies primarily on exporting goods. Its primary production includes rubber, palm oil, tin, petroleum, natural gas, commercial hardwoods, and fuel. Other common cash crops include cocoa, pepper, coffee, tea, various fruits, and coconuts. One thing that sets Malaysia apart from the rest of the world is that it is a melting pot of most of the world.
Multitudes of Asian and other ethnicities have settled into the country over the centuries, forming their own special blends distinct from their original cultures, making the country very diverse and unique. One thing that connects Malaysia to the rest of the world is that an active member of various international organizations, including the Commonwealth of Nations, the United Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and the Non-Aligned Movement. It has also in recent times been an active proponent of regional co-operation. Social Malaysia is a multicultural and multiconfessional country, whose official religion is Islam. Other religions in this country are Buddhism, Christianity, and Hinduism.
Malaysia also has traditional Chinese folk religions like Confucianism and Taoism. The people of Malaysia live a very peaceful life amongst each other, even though there are so many different ethicists and religions. Everyone respects each other’s believes and welcome everyone to their country. They take deep pride in their country and look at themselves as a well-developed country and society. Malaysians are very friendly, however, because they are so prideful in their country they tend to get deeply offended if they think foreigners look at them as a backwards third world country.
This leads them to view other developing countries as inferior to them and have a lot of respect for the majorly developed countries like the US and China. Other countries tend to view Malaysia as just a developing third world country since they still have a long way to go, however, they still have a lot of respect for Malaysia since they are one of the most developed countries in Southeast Asia and since they are able to keep peace in their country even though there is so many different ethicists and religions living together. Economic Malaysia has emerged as a multi-sector economy in the 21st century from being a producer of raw materials until 1970. Malaysia’s economic development is largely due to its wealth of natural resources in agriculture and forestry. Malaysia’s major resources are natural resources like tin, rubber, and palm oil.
West Malaysia has large deposits of tin and numerous rubber trees making it one of the leading it to be one of the mass producers of tin and rubber. Other minerals include copper and uranium, Timber, Petroleum and Natural Gas. Some things Malaysia produces are rice, tobacco, palm oil, and rubber. In 1999, Malaysia produced 10.55 million metric tons of palm oil, remaining one of the world’s largest producers. It is also one of the world’s leading suppliers of rubber, producing 767,000 metric tons of rubber in 1999. Malaysia for things like Electronics, Machinery, Petroleum products, Plastics, Vehicles, Iron and steel products, and Chemicals. It mainly exports electronic equipment, Petroleum and liquefied natural gas, Wood and wood products and Palm oil.
The economy of Malaysia is the 4th largest in Southeast Asia, and is the 35th largest economy in the world, with an income per capita of 28,681 PPP Dollar (2017 World Bank) or 10,620 nominal US Dollars, Malaysia is the third wealthiest nation in Southeast Asia after the smaller city-states of Singapore and Brunei. Malaysia trades with Singapore, China, Japan, Thailand, Hong Kong, India, South Korea, Philippians, US, and Australia. It also trades with countries in Europe, South America, and Africa. Political Malaysia is a parliamentary democracy with a federal constitutional monarchy.
The Paramount Ruler, commonly referred to as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, is the head of state as well as the leader of the Islamic faith in Malaysia. This monarch is selected for a five-year term from among their own number by the nine hereditary rulers (sultans) of Peninsular Malaysia. Federal legislative power is vested in the government and the two chambers of the federal parliament. This parliament consists of two houses, the senate (Dewan Negara) and the Hall of the People (Dewan Rakyat).
Bills must be passed by both houses and assented by the Yang di-pertuan Agong. The government of Malaysia is stable now, however, there can be riots at any moment due to the mass majority of ethicists. In the past there have been riots and tensions can get high among the three major ethicists, the Malay, Chinese and Indian community. Malaysia had its fair share of internal problems due to the differences and existence of various races. Notably between the three major races, that is the Malay, Chinese and Indian community.
The biggest incident was way back in May 1969 when racial tension between the Malay and Chinese caused riots and fights which resulted in hundreds of deaths. Since then, the races have learned to live rather amicably with each other and want to avoid such a serious conflict from happening again. It is normal now to see the various races working together in the same office, joking and helping each other out or eating together, although they do not necessary live in the same area. Malaysia has many treaties with foreign nations, but the most important allies of Malaysia are part of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. China, Japan, Chinese Taipei/Taiwan/ROC, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan are just a few nations in the ASEAN. The main enemies of Malaysia are Spratly and other islands in the South China Sea, Singapore, and Ligitan Sipadan and Ambalat. Malaysia has had long standing disputes with these nations over land. Position Malaysia agrees with resolutions 5,6, and 7.
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