For this final essay,I picked artificial intelligence “AI” as a discipline. First, I have to saythat out of the five topics given in the brief, this was the most important inmy point of view.
“Andy Robin” the man behind Android, once said ‘AI is thenext big operating system’. I personally think artificial intelligence is thenew trend; it is clear that computers with human-level knowledge or betterwould affect our ordinary lives by having a huge impact on our future. Goingback to John McCarthy the father of AI. When did JohnMcCarthy become the father of AI? It all started in 1955 when the Americancomputer scientist and inventor was first known by the father of AI, rightafter the first artificial intelligence conference at Dartmouth college thattook place in 1956, which had an objective to explore ways to make a machinethat reasons like a human. On the other side of this, he really thought thatany form of intelligence made by a human could be precisely described for amachine to stimulate it.
In 1958 he created the Lisp computer language, thatwas designed for easy manipulation of data strings used as a language for AIprogramming and continues to be used today not only in mechanical autonomy orrobotics and other scientific applications but in a plenty of web-basedservices. It also paved the way for voice recognition technology such as SIRI’the personal assistant app on the iPhone that started in 2010′. At first, andbefore shifting to Digital, AI was based on a conversion of multiple sciencesand professions converged such as “computer sciences, mathematics, philosophy,linguistics, psychology, neurosciences, and artificial psychology”. Until now, artificialintelligence has always been applied when a machine imitates cognitivefunctions such as reasoning, memory, attention, and language that humans use toconnect with one another. Artificial intelligence could be described ascreating a reasoning, learning and problem-solving system.
In AI, anintelligent agent is an independent entity that observes through sensors andacts upon an environment using a mechanism that puts it into automatic action,that directs it’s activity towards goal achievement that they may learn toachieve: slide4. These intelligent agents are closely related to softwareagents such as a chatbot executing on a phone “Siri”. Artificial intelligencehas four requirements, to be able to communicate successfully, AI requires anatural language process; to store the provided information before or duringthe interrogation, it requires a knowledge representation; to use the storeddata or information to answer questions and to draw new conclusions, automatedreasoning is the requirement; and finally machine learning to adapt to newcircumstances and to detect and extrapolate patterns: slide5. Moreover, artificialintelligence is considered the next big technological shift due to multiplecase studies where AI is used for many reasons. Such as NETFLIX, which recentlyadded AI to their movie recommendation program that predicts what users mightbe interested in, due to previous viewing behavior slide8. As to Facebook: slide9, BOTBOT: slide 10, and Sophia, the humanoid robot by Hanson Robotics: slide11. Artificial intelligence is becoming more natural and it is interactingverbally with voice assistants and nonverbally with expressions such asphysical hardware (robots facial expression) that could be very useful in thefuture. AI will continue to get better at problem solving in it’s many ways,while delivering to humans that machines will tell us what we want and that wecan trust them by making our lives easier is the main message behind it.
Nowadays, AI is used to solve many problems and most of them are giving theopportunity to humans with disabilities to be able to be capable of reliving anormal life slide 12. Artificial intelligence is after all programmed to dosomething beneficial, however it develops a method that is destructive toachieve its goal. To sum up, artificialintelligence is the study and design of intelligent agents that perceives itsenvironment and takes actions that maximizes the chances of its prosperity.John McCarthy, who coined the term, defines it as the sciences and engineeringof making intelligent machines.
The final goal of institutions and scientistsoperating on AI is to elucidate the majority of issues and to acquire the tasks,which we humans directly can’t accomplish. It is surely that thisdevelopment in the computer sciences field will change the whole scenario ofthe world. Onlytime will verbally express what will be the future of AI: will it procure humanlevel? or above human level? Intelligence? or not? Although, humansincreasingly collaborate with artificial intelligence, the challenge for us isto insure that we anticipate all consequences of any negative health and safetyby sharing this knowledge to benefit the future working world as a digitalcloud.