Family:Penaeidae Rafinesque, 1815Genus:ParapenaeopsisAlcock, 1901 Parapenaeopsiscornuta (Kishinouye, 1900) Common Name:Coral Shrimp Synonyms:None Distribution :West and South coasts of India from Maharashtra to Tamil Nadu and off SriLanka, Japan North Australia, the distribution is scatteredEnvironment : Marine,40m depth on sandy mud or mud at the mouth of estuaries.Size:Average total length of males 43mm; females 80mmLocation :Neendakara, Vizhinjam, Kalamukku, Munambam, Azheekkal, PonnaniSpecimens examined : 15specimens, female maximum size (Tl) 7.
2 cm and males with 5.1cm.Description:Pale brown or faintly pinkish with brown-grey specks and dorsal transversebrown bands on abdomen; pereopods white, pleopods brownish, both specked; uropod dark grey distally. Rostrumslightly sigmoidal or straight, tip up-tilted, toothless on distal ¼, reachingfrom middle of second to distal margin of third antennular article and armedwith 7-8 rarely 9 dorsal teeth; epigastric tooth present; postrostral crestending near posterioe margin of carapace; longitudinal suture reaching up to0.4 of carapace length; antennular flagella 0.4-0.6 times the length ofcarapace. Epipod and basical spine present on first and second pereopods.
Basisof third pereopod unarmed in both sexes. Telson with 2-4 pairs of distolateralspinules. Petasma with long and slender, horn-like distolateral projections, divergingproximatly and curving inward distally, each with a small spiniform process ;distomedianprojections extremely small.
Anterior plate of thelycum of long and concave,fused posteromedially with posterior plate, the latter with latteral withlateral depressions, a median tuft of long setae behind the thelycum. Remarks:Stray numbers obtained. Caught with shrimp trawls, seines, stake nets andseveral other artisanal gear.Original description : Alcock, A., 1906. Catalogue of the Indian decapod Crustacea in thecollections of the Indian Museum.
Part III. Macrura. Fasciculus I. The prawnsof the Peneus group: i-ii, 1-57, Plates 1-9.
Trustees of the Indian Museum,Calcutta.