Even though Stonehenge looks to be a bunch of crumbling rocks it has been a source of fascinations for thousands of years. According to a 1400 manuscript held in the British Library King Aurelius decided to pay homage to the British Nobles murdered by the Saxtons and told Merlin the Wizard to construct a great circle of huge rocks. Now it is known that Stonehenge was not the work of a giant wizard but that doesn’t mean that Stonehenge is no longer a mysterious artifact. Although archeologists cannot definitively state the purpose of Stonehenge, evidence shows it was constructed with astronomical properties and could accurately predict celestial movements; demonstrating the beliefs and sophistication of the Neolithic Britons. Prior to examining the science and religion surrounding Stonehenge it is a necessity to understand what exactly Stonehenge is and the core values of the Neolithic Britons. Stonehenge is made up of three main parts: The Sarsen Stones and Bluestones, the Aubrey Holes, and the long barrows. The Sarsen Stones and Bluestones tend to have religious and scientific properties and is usually presented through the stars and shadows.
The Aubrey holes are the little holes surrounding the rocks and are purely scientific, in specific calendars. The final section of Stonehenge is the long barrows; they are long burials where the majority of them are facing East or West. This idea of East and West segways into the next topic, the religion of the Neolithic Britons. The majority of the Neolithic Britons religion is blurry but a lot can be learned from their predecessors, the Neolithic Canaanites. Through the research of the Neolithic Canaanites a lot can be found out about their core ideals, in specific their main celestial objects: the Sun, stars, and moon. There is a Canaan god, El, who served as the most powerful god and was represented by the Sun. The next celestial objects are the stars, the stars are used as gateways, or portals, that connect the Netherworld to the Earth. This can be proven through the research of Shalim, who was the god of the Netherworld, and he was contacted through the morning star.
This idea of stars as a way to contact the Netherworld explains the core values or East and West. Because the stars move from East to West it can be inferred that they wanted to keep their loved ones in remembrance even after death and wanted to observe and pray for them. The final celestial object is the moon, gods aren’t needed to point that this would be important, it is based off of the society of Canaan. When the shepherds would be moving their flocks of sheep during the black nights of hot summers the moon, a lot like the Sun, provided the necessities for them to conduct such activities. And this causes them to have a celestial feel of the moon.
With all three of these bodies combined this notions that the religion is not an imaginary god which doesn’t have any presence on Earth but is instead what explains the astronomical properties. This is what can explain Stonehenge, that it was used to predict and praise these astronomical aspects of the Earth.When looking at how stars were considered a portal to the deceased a lot of the astronomical aspects can be examined, including the special alignments of certain figures and the directions of certain objects. One of the first examples of manipulation of star positioning would be with the inner horseshoe. In between every pair of erect stones is a very vibrant or important star. These include stars like Sirius and Ursa Minor. This could have multiple applications, not only could it server as an observatory for such stars but it could also serve the purpose of praise towards the dead. Another major area that portrays a relation with the stars would be the long barrows.
As established earlier, stars move from East to West but are stationary in North and South. These ancient burials follow the direction of North and East quite frequently, as about 90% of them are facing East and West. This example is purely religious, when the people died and were buried in the long barrows they wanted to go to the stars as they were a portal to the land of the dead. The question that arises now is why; why would the Neolithic Britons care about the dead people after they died? This is easily explained by another tidbit of Canaan religion. It was believed that if a soul was not remembered and prayed for periodically then the soul would start losing everything good in its afterlife. Eventually once this person remains completely forgotten they no longer live a happy afterlife but instead is in a constant hell with no possibility of ever getting back.The second part of Stonehenge, which wasn’t discovered until the 1920s, gives us an insight into the ingenuity and scientific research of the Neolithic Britons