Enlightenment ideas were expressed in literature and the arts because that was the best way for everybody to start noticing all the new ideas. Enlightenment expressed in literature such as books and newspapers gave people information based on the writers ideas and opinions. You also had philosophers, or thinkers as they were referred to, who spread their version of literature or propaganda. Art such as paintings, or engravings, gave people an image to look at and form their own ideas and opinions. First newspapers were a good way for writers to not only report facts about what was going on in the wars but to spread propaganda during the Enlightenment period. They could write based on their beliefs or what they thought was the right things to say so that they could get people on their side. Even though some people already had their own ideas of things, they would believe the things writers were saying because they would make it sound like what they were writing was the right way of thinking. At this time a lot of books were being written by people on the rights of people and how the government was being run. One writer, Mary Wollstonecraft, wrote about her opinion on a preacher, James Fordyce, who published advice for young women. In her book she suggests that women should be treated the same as men. That they should not be spoken like children “with lullaby strains of condescending endearment” but with “truth and soberness.” She felt women should have the same rights as men so they could be independent and not always have to depend on a man. People didn’t like this idea because they wanted women to stay home to take care of the house and the children. Next we have philosophers, thinkers, who look at things in the world or subjects differently and basically think outside the box. Some people could say that the words they write could be considered propaganda because they would challenge what were major beliefs. For example in document 1, all writers believed our freedom was our right, it was a natural law. John Locke is saying that the political powers must consider what estate men are naturally in and it’s not right for these political powers to basically order what people should do. Denis Diderot says “no man has received from nature the right to give orders to others.” Samuel Adams is saying that the purpose of the political powers is to protect and defend our rights. Because people like this spoke against these political powers people took notice and started to revolt against the government. Lastly during this period we had artists that wanted people who were reading the newspapers to see through their eyes what was going on. Paul Revere’s engraving of the Boston Massacre is a good example of this. In his engraving he portrays the British as the “bad guys” by showing them shooting at people that don’t look like they are ready to defend themselves. What really happened the night of the Boston Massacre was that there was an argument between some colonists and a British private that escalated causing a riot and the British troops to fire into the crowds. Because Revere was a colonist his engraving gave people the impression that the Massacre was caused by the British when it was really caused by the colonists. Enlightenment ideas expressed in literature and arts in the time of the French and American revolutions helped create a new social order across Europe and the Americas. In Europe the people now have the right to change the government if they feel they are not protecting their natural rights. The US incorporated the ideas of natural rights / laws into the Constitution and Declaration of Independence. Women now have the same rights as men and are treated equally.