During my research on artifacts I discovered that they are extremely important to our past, present and future. These items that were man-made during various eras in time. By researching these artifacts, I discovered that they can be simple and complicated and useful. The five artifacts that I choose to research are as follows: paper, compass, gunpowder and the printing press which all originated from China. And lastly, the wheel which was from Mesopotamia. I’ve also added a new artifact from my future that has proven to be valuable to millions. In addition, I’ve added to my conclusion how future generations utilized these artifacts.Artifact 1: PaperThe first artifact is paper (Appendix A, Artifact 1).
Paper is made fine material, combined and pressed closely with damp fibres and cellulose pulp that comes from wood, grasses, rags and than drying them so that they will become flexible sheets of paper. It documented that paper was invented in 105 A.D by the Chinese. However, it was also indicated and reported that it was invented by the Eastern Han Emperor Hodi by Ts’ai Lun, an official from the Imperial Court (Lee). Ts’ai Lun tore a piece of bark off of the mulberry tree and shredded it into fibers, he than pounded the pieces into a sheet. Eventually, over time the quality of of paper improved with hemp, rags and old fish nets to the pulp. After the paper had been used in China, the word started to spread throughout the world and this was known as the Silk Road.As we know even today, there are different types of writing styles.
As the Chinese people started to utilize paper more for writing, there was another type of style of printing called woodblock printing. This type of printing started in 600 A.D. and by 740 A.D., the newspaper was written and sent to print in Chine (Lee). To the East, papermaking moved to Korea, where production of paper began as early as the 6th century AD.
Pulp was prepared from the fibers of hemp, rattan, mulberry, bamboo, rice straw, and seaweed. According to tradition, a Korean monk named Don-cho brought papermaking to Japan by sharing his invention with the Imperial Palace in approximately AD 610, sixty years after Buddhism was introduced in Japan. Also paper was introduced to Xinjiang area very early according to the archaeological records. The paper found at Khao Chang, Loulan, Kusha, Kotan, and Dunhuang sites dated as early as the 2nd. century. The technique eventually reached Tibet around 650 A.
D. and then to India after 645 A.D. By the time Hsuan Tsang from China arrived to India in 671 A.D., paper was already widely used there. Paper had a huge impact on the time period. It made China more economic powerful because at they kept it a secret and did not tell anybody or spread the word to other groups, this helped made China more economic powerful everybody wanted this new invention.
As time goes on the spread of how to make paper increases and every society had an Idea of how to make paper. Also it helped its government, .It was a way to keep records for your government. They wrote down their laws and policies on paper for their people to follow. Also it had a huge sufficient of how people can communicate with each other even if they do not have the same language. The invention of paper has had a huge impact on human development and human history.
Paper has reinvented the way we communicate, record history, and write down literature. It is portable, small, and thin and has triggered the inventions of new cleaning products, printing, and even foods. In everyday life, a person uses paper or reads something on a piece of paper that will tell them something new everyday. The piece of paper is one the greatest invention ever discovered.