Deontological ethics has to do with one’s duties or obligations. When you use deontological theory you study the action and not the consequence therefore at the end does not justify the means. Kant describes what is known as the categorical imperative and this is how Kant would say a deontologist should proceed of living a moral life.
Kant states the categorical imperative as there is only a single category imperative and it is this ” act only on that Maxim through which you can at the same time well that it should become a universal law ” so this means whenever we consider contemplating an act we should always consider the consequences if what we choose to do would be applied across the board for everybody, for example, let’s suppose you chose to steal from a grocery store because you forgot your wallet.we’ve made the categorical imperative suggesting that we should ask yourself the question what if everyone were to do that ?if everyone were to steal? the teleological ethical system bases its judgments on consequences or outcomes before deciding on the action. in this case the end does justify the means even if an act is bad if it results in good consequences it can be defined as good whatever action one shall choose it should always result in the best for the most amount of people this ethical system puts outcomes before actions which usually ends in better results.The only disadvantage of this theory would be who decides what is good.
Both deontological and teleological systems agree that they are action based this means both systems judge a person specifically by their actions in other words a person is determined to be moral or not based on the actions that they do the deontological theory states that a person is moral or not based on their actions and if these actions conform to a set of a rule. the teleological theory states that a person is good or bad depending on if the actions that they do result in happiness. you and two of your friends are home alone and your friends are sleeping while you are awake watching TV, suddenly someone knocks on the door and it’s a man holding a gun who insist on knowing where the other two are so he can murder them. Based on deontological and teleological ethics what would you do now from a deontological point of view? you are most likely to tell him where your friends are because everyone is meant to tell the truth no matter what the consequences according to Kant.
coming from a teleological perspective you would try kill the man and call the police, In this case even though the act is bad it still results in good consequences. You and Your Friends will be safe.compromise sometimes is inevitable and is subjective to the situation that you are in.
Sometimes, we chose to make compromises based on the apparach we take to make the choices. Reply Quote