Committee: United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) Country: Central African Republic Agenda: Humanitarian Crisis in Central African Republic The Central African Republic broke the shackles of imperialism in the 1960. But it had to wait many a years for the light of democracy or stability to reach them. At last in 2015-16, through a proper presidential election Faustin-Archange Touadera came to power. But by then, because of years of corruption, colonial exploitation, ethnical clash, legislative instability, poverty the state of Central African Republic was already in deep chaos. These conflicts led to formations of Muslim and Christian rebel groups such as Ex-Séléka, Anti-Balaka etc.
The consequences of these militia formations were huge violations of human rights of the Central African people. The violations include killings, lootings, rapes, kidnappings, trafficking etc. This humanitarian catastrophe is an immense matter to deal with. It requires a huge deal of financial, political, military etc. power. Unfortunately, the country of Central African Republic is one of the least developed countries of the world. It placed the last rank among 188 countries in the Human Development Index.
It also finds itself in the bottom tier of other rankings and index. Besides, the causes of conflicts are decades old and deep rooted within the very fabrics of the Central African society. With such limited resources and huge challenges, the Govt of CAR had to deal with this problem through small steps. It started with the reformation of the legislative system and establishment of proper social institutions so that human rights can be ensured.
The Special Criminal Court is an example of it. The Govts intolerance for the violators of human rights was also praised heavily by the Human Rights Watch. To resolve this crisis, CAR relies heavily on the help of other nations, United Nations, African Union and NGOs. United Nations have their Peacekeeping operations running in CAR which is known as UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission (MINUSCA). Its utmost priority is the protection of civilians. Its other tasks include facilitating humanitarian assistance; promotion and protection of human rights; support for justice and the rule of law; and disarmament, demobilization, reintegration and repatriation processes.
The presence of Blue Helmets brought peace in several regions such as- Bambari , Bouar etc. But it is far from a peaceful conflict resolution. Non-Governmental Organizations also expanded their services to CAR for ensure basic human rights. Such as MercyCorps, SOS, Doctors without Borders, Solidarites International etc . To finance this colossal effort, UN set a Humanitarian Response Plan of 500 Million Dollars. Its planned to be funded by the member states of UN specially the Developed countries.
Sadly, only 1/3 of the desired amount has been funded. The delegate of CAR looks forward to the other states to get the support it requires to progress and solve the humanitarian crisis it is facing. We firmly believe, with the collective approach, this can be achieved. The solutions that CAR proposes are – Urging United Nations and African Union to use alternative dispute settlement methods such as- mediation, good offices etc. for an effective conflict resolution among rebels.Proposing United Nations Security Council to extend the mandate of MINUSCA to 15 November,2020 and expand the uniformed personnel to 30,000. Improving the reintegration methods for the ex-militants to rebuilt the social institutions and encouraging them to give up arms.Establishing UN controlled Safe Zones for the safety of vulnerable groups such as- women and children.
Encouraging the NGOs and UN organizations to further expand their food and medical service programs in CAR.Setting up vocational training centers for the education and development of children and teenagers who were used as soldiers in conflicts.Increase the efforts to collect the funds for the Humanitarian Response Plan specially from the developed countries. Creating One stop support center for the medical service of the sexually tortured women and children.