ClassicalGreece and RomeInstitutionAffiliationDate:Classicalart represents the skill of ancient Greek and Romans artwork. This name is usedto describe old styles used in art and architectural work in Rome and Greececultures. Artists in the early days found inspiration from the styles in theGreeks and Romans cultures. Classical techniques are characterized by thebeauty that they portray from the simple styles utilized by artists. Theancient Greece and Rome artwork have numerous sculptures created in theearliest days. Examples are some of the great temples set up in ancient Greeceand Rome.
This paper looks at two temples built in Greece and Rome described asclassical artwork. These temples are the Parthenon in Greece and Pantheon in Rome.ThePantheon in Rome is one of the best preserved historical monuments in theworld. Today it has a significant function to the people just as in the past.The building was completed during the reign of Emperor Hadrian in 126 CE. ThePantheon was initially built as a temple but now serves as a church in Rome,Italy. The building was constructed in 118-128 AD by Publius Aelius Hadrianus(Grafton, Most and Settis, 2010).
Currently, the building is located in Rome,Italy. Following the emperor’s usual practice of dedicating new buildings tohonor the original dedicator, Hadrian dedicated the Pantheon to Marcus Agrippa.Also, this building has a magnificent dome that symbolizes the skilledarchitects and artists in Rome. The building today allows visitors to experiencethe glory of Rome in 2000 years.TheParthenon in Greece is also another recognized magnificent temple in theworld. The temple was built in the ageof the Pericles that is between 447 and 432 BCE (Covert, 2012).
It is situatedin the city of Athens on the Acropolis hill. The primary purpose ofconstructing the temple was to house the new cult statue of a goddess.Moreover, the Pheidias wanted to proclaim to the world the city’s success as aleader in the coalition of Greek forces that had defeated Persian armies tryingto invade it. Also, building the temple was a dedication to the deity Athenaalso known as the patron of the city. The architects responsible for thedesigning the Parthenon temples were Iktinos and Kallikratis (Beard, 2010). Thetemple was a symbol of the Greeks superiority against the foreign forces.
Todaythe temple remains a symbol of how superior the Greeks culture was against theinvading foreign troops. This temple was one of the best-decorated buildings inGreek. Its roof was decorated using cedar woods, and doors were embellishedwith bronze, gold, and ivory.TheParthenon and Pantheon are both temples in ancient Greece and Rome.
The twowere used for the religious purpose as they were initially built as temples fortheir cities. However, the Parthenon temple was designed for the goddess Athenain Greece, whereas the Pantheon was constructed for celebrating the Roman gods(Dierckx and Mark Twain Media, 2012). Moreover, the time in which each templewas built is different as the Greece temple was constructed in 447-438 BCE andthe Roman temple in 126 CE.
Today, the Pantheon serves as a Catholic Church inRome whereas the Parthenon is used as a museum. ReferencesBeard,M. (2010). The Parthenon. London: Profile Books.Covert,K.
(2012). Ancient Greece: Birthplace of democracy. Mankato, Minn:Capstone Press.Dierckx,H.
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(2012). Greek and Roman civilizations.Lewistown, MO.: Mark Twain Media.
Grafton,A., Most, G. W., & Settis, S. (2010).
The classical tradition.