CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.0 Background of the StudyThe purposes ofthe mobile phones are not only to make a call and send messages but it can beused for health purpose. This term iswell known as Electronic Health (e-Health). E-Health can be defines as ICT in health products, services andprocesses that could be combine with organisational change in the healthcaresystems in order to improve the efficiency of the citizens productivity(Parliamentary Research Service (2015). Delivering healthcare services are very important and it is depends onthe technology like mobile phones (Mohamed, Abir, Dhiya& Omar, 2015). The past few years, two areas of e-Healthhave evolved together, namely mHealth developed to facilitate user mobility andhome telemonitoring designed to enable the follow-up of patients at their own home(Hector, Miguel, Trigo, Santiago & Luis, 2015). According toMarwan, Galal & Hoda (2014), mobile health has emerged as one of the importantpart of e-health.
Mobile phones become avital technology which is not only for communication but it can deliversomething related to the healthcare. ThesemHealth technologies are believed to give a lot of benefits to the diagnosis,treatment, and prevention of human diseases for a better life (Chase, Zongmin,Guanling& Denise, 2017). In otherwords, mHealth is general term for the use mobile phones in healthcare in intentionto prevent the disease. mHealth is thenew edge of electronic health to addressthe emerging problems of health systems in deliver the new healthcare services(Emmanouilidou, 2016).
After that,patient condition can be monitor and assist patient condition by using hometelemonitoring (HTM). Heart failure (HF)and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been the main targets ofHTM deployments, because of the costs increase of care and the expectation of areturn investment through reducing hospital admissions and their associatedcosts (Kevin, Amanda & David, 2014).The traditionalway of healthcare has turn into the new way on how the patient condition beingmonitor. Developers provided a lot ofapplications regarding healthcare which is available in the market. Therefore, patients could try several apps todetermine the most suitable apps that can fulfil their need. In order to understand the current landscapeof use, availability, evidence and barriers to mainstream adoption, acomprehensive follow-up study has been completed to the one performed in 2013on mHealth apps that are publically available to consumers and divided ashealth, fitness or medical.
Theapplications of mobile health and wellness have been increase since 2013 to2015 with 100 percent rate (IMS Institute for Healthcare Informatics,2015). In the study by IMS Institute forHealthcare Informatics (2015), across the patient journey, mHealth apps can be dividedinto two main categories: that can facilitate overall wellness of the patientslike exercise and medication reminders. Consumer mHealth apps targeting wellness comprise two-thirds of the mobilehealth application space which is including the fitness, lifestyle and stressand diet and nutrition. Certain mobile health application are use tobecome disease and treatment management. Apps that have been use for thewellness management are exercise apps, fitness apps and also diet nutritionapps.
While the disease management aremole likely use medications apps and disease for specific apps such as highblood pressure check. The technology cangive a lot of benefit to the patients and physicians. The new way of technology could provide fasterinformation and the patients can be monitor in order to provide emergency help compareto the traditional way (Marwan, Galal&Hoda, 2014).