Blue corresponds to Gatsby’s inner-self, concealed by his golden illusion, revealing his loneliness, originating from his ceaseless dreams and fantasies, ultimately representing the dissolution of the American dream. Blue represents tranquility, melancholy, loneliness and fantasy. If gold is the color to show Gatsby’s outer self, blue indicates that Gatsby’s real inner self is lonely, sorrowful and fanciful. Fitzgerald describes Gatsby’s garden as blue: “In his blue gardens men and women came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars” (39). The blue tone of his garden reveals the loneliness and melancholy in Gatsby’s heart. He holds these lavish parties in his blue garden in order to attract Daisy, but fails to do so. Although he holds these luxurious parties, he never takes part in them either.
It is possible that the real Gatsby cannot interact with the wealthy people and the true tranquility in his inner heart is contrary to the whole noise scene. Essentially, blue symbolizes the illusion of Gatsby’s dream: “Slowly the white wings of the boat moved against the cool blue limit of the sky” (119). The blue sky is used to describe Gatsby, it indicates that Gatsby is full of fantasy and illusion for his dream, Daisy. He believes that Daisy had loved him from the bottom of her heart the whole time and that he will someday obtain Daisy’s favor with his enormous wealth. In the course of their reunion, Gatsby had shown off his collection of shirts to Daisy: “he brought more and the soft rich heap mounted higher – shirts with stripes and scrolls and plaids in coral and apple-green and lavender and faint orange with monograms of Indian blue” (92).
Blue connotes sorrow and melancholy, which reveal Gatsby’s loneliness. Gatsby’s lifestyle, carefully fabricated around an illusion of fabulous wealth, is not everything that it appears. The extravagant shirts Gatsby uses to reveal to Daisy his enormous wealth are described as having been monogrammed with blue. The hints of blue reflect the hidden hints of sorrow and imperfection in his life.
This sorrow stems from his dream of daisy which is a symbol for the American dream. However, Gatsby’s dream was unattainable because it simply did not exist. The dream was actually a fantasy that represents the dissolution and unattainability of the American dream in the 1920s. Blue corresponds to Gatsby’s inner-self, which is concealed by his golden illusion, revealing his loneliness, originating from his ceaseless dreams and fantasies, ultimately representing the dissolution of the American dream.