Because the main problem of climate change is a human activities, people should beaware and start to preserve the environment. Some solutions for climate changeare :a. Efficiency of Fossil Fuel.The first challenge is eliminating the burning ofcoal, oil and, finally, natural gas. This is perhaps the most dauntingchallenge as rizher of richer nations literally eat, wear, work, play, andcitizens of developing nations want and arguably deserve the same comforts fromenergy stored in such fuels (www.
scientifiamerican.com).From economic view, oil is the lubricant of the globaleconomy, hidden inside such as ubiquitous items as plastic and corn, andfundamental to the transportation of both consumers and goods.
The InternationalEnergy Agency said “there is no solution for reducing dependence on fossil fuels(carbon neutral biofuels drive up the price of food and lead to forestdestruction, and while nuclear does not emit greenhouse gases, it producesradioactive junk) on every bit counts” (www.scientifiamerican.com).We should try to employ other alternatives whenpossible plant derived plastics, biodiesel, wind power and to invest in thechange, be it by divesting from oil stocks or investing in companies practicingcarbon capture and storage.b. Infrastructure Upgrade.
Ministry of energy mineral resources Sudirman S said”Indonesia is still dependent on fossil energy where it produces emissions ofcarbon dioxide or large CO2. Especially coal is the largestemitter”. According to Badan Pusat Statistik said “buildings worldwidecontribute around one third of all greenhouse gas emissions (40 percent inIndonesia) even though investing in thicker insulation and other costeffective”. That’s why we should upgrade our infrastructure to reduce CO2 gasemissions because investing in newinfrastructure, or radically upgrading existing highways and transmissionlines, would help cut greenhouse gas emissions and drive economic growth indeveloping countries.c.
Be Efficient.A Potentially simpler and even bigger impact can bemade by doing more with less. Citizens of many developed countries areprofligate waste of energy like leaving the lights on when not in a room. Gooddriving and good car maintenance, such as making sure tires are properlyinflated can limit the amount of greenhouse gas emissions from a vehicle and,perhaps more importantly, lower the frequency of payment at the pump (www.
scientifiamerican.com).The point about this solution is we must realize thatthe energy savings are important to preserve our nature.
d. Stop Cutting Down Trees Every year 33million acres of forests are cut down. Timber harvesting in the tropics alonecontributes one point five (1.5) billion metric tons of carbon to the atmosphere(www.scientifiamerican.
com)According to Undang – Undang No. 26 tahun 2007 aboutspatial planning and territory, 30 percent of the Law states that every city inthe spatial plan is obliged to allocate at least 30% of its space or territoryto green land, of which 20% is intended for public green lands that constitutegreen open spaces owned and managed by the municipality and used for thebenefit of the public in general, and 10% is intended for private green spaceon lands owned by private or public.We should improving agricultural practices along withpaper recycling and forest management balancing the amount of wood taken outwith the amount of new trees growing could quickly eliminate this significantchunk of emissions. We should becareful when purchasing wood products, such as furniture orflooring, buy used goods or, failing that, wood certified to have beensustainably harvested.
Indonesian and other countries forests are the lungs ofthe earth, but they are also short for hope for limiting climate change.