Automata theory is the study of abstract computing devices,

Automata theory is the study of abstract
computing devices, or ‘machine’2. A Turing studied an abstract machine that
had all the capabilities of today’s computers, at least as far as in what they
could compute. Turing’s goal was to describe precisely the boundary between
what a computing machine could do and what it could not do; his conclusions
apply not only to his abstract Turing machines, but to today’s real machines.3


a days, robots can be found almost everywhere. Most of the area where
technology is available has some form of robots. Robots has

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Most of the modern robots are complex and are
mostly operated by computers. the mechanics are complex. Varieties of software
are used to design and manufacture these robots. Different type of programming
languages are used to manipulate those robots autonomously. These robots can
perform advanced tasks that a human cannot perform. These robots are highly
advanced than what it used to be before 1900s. During the industrial
revolution, the technics and methods of controlling robots are vastly changed.
Conventional robots were operated autonomously with human presence and help.
But after introduction of electricity, everything changed. The introduction of
motors vastly changed ow robots were perceived.




3. A robot must protect its own
existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second

2. A robot must obey the orders given it
by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.

1. A robot may not injure a human being,
or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.

1Once people
understand that Machine Ethics has to do with how intelligent machines, rather
than human beings, should behave, they often maintain that Isaac Asimov has
already given us an ideal set of rules for such machines. They have in mind
Asimov’s “Three Laws of Robotics”:



Robots came to play in
this world from ancient times. With time, they changed and modern robots were
more significant from the industrial revolution which led to complex mechanics
and introduction to electronics. With evolution of robots, certain rules and
laws were implemented so that robots cannot be used for harming of human being.
This law was formulated by Isaac Asimov during 1900s.


 he term autonomous robots comes from two
separate word, automata and robots. Automation and robotics are two different
field of engineering. Automation engineering covers the field of engineering
where engineers create technology that complete the processes and procedures to
do something by machines without human assistance. The concept is develop the
technology to perform task  without human
interference or assistance. The task may include production, manufacturing,
researching, transporting and simple basic actions like walking, talking,
driving, etc. Robotics in other hand, is an interdisciplinary branch of
engineering which includes mechanical, electrical and computer science. Robotic
engineering deals with the branch of engineering that develops robots which can
perform task that a human being cannot perform or is too dangerous for human




Abstract—This document explains the term Autonomous Robots and its
development from conventional robots to modern concepts and developments of
autonomous robots. This document will also explain about how the autonomous
robots came in play and how it took over the industrial manufacturing methods
from traditional human labor to robots. The evolution of automated robots from
simple mechanical robots are described in this review. Different documents,
articles, books and online sources were used to write this document.