Automata theory is the study of abstractcomputing devices, or ‘machine’2. A Turing studied an abstract machine thathad all the capabilities of today’s computers, at least as far as in what theycould compute. Turing’s goal was to describe precisely the boundary betweenwhat a computing machine could do and what it could not do; his conclusionsapply not only to his abstract Turing machines, but to today’s real machines.3 Nowa days, robots can be found almost everywhere. Most of the area wheretechnology is available has some form of robots. Robots has Most of the modern robots are complex and aremostly operated by computers.
the mechanics are complex. Varieties of softwareare used to design and manufacture these robots. Different type of programminglanguages are used to manipulate those robots autonomously.
These robots canperform advanced tasks that a human cannot perform. These robots are highlyadvanced than what it used to be before 1900s. During the industrialrevolution, the technics and methods of controlling robots are vastly changed.Conventional robots were operated autonomously with human presence and help.But after introduction of electricity, everything changed. The introduction ofmotors vastly changed ow robots were perceived.
MAINBODY 3. A robot must protect its ownexistence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or SecondLaw. 2. A robot must obey the orders given itby human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. 1. A robot may not injure a human being,or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
1Once peopleunderstand that Machine Ethics has to do with how intelligent machines, ratherthan human beings, should behave, they often maintain that Isaac Asimov hasalready given us an ideal set of rules for such machines. They have in mindAsimov’s “Three Laws of Robotics”: Robots came to play inthis world from ancient times. With time, they changed and modern robots weremore significant from the industrial revolution which led to complex mechanicsand introduction to electronics. With evolution of robots, certain rules andlaws were implemented so that robots cannot be used for harming of human being.This law was formulated by Isaac Asimov during 1900s.
he term autonomous robots comes from twoseparate word, automata and robots. Automation and robotics are two differentfield of engineering. Automation engineering covers the field of engineeringwhere engineers create technology that complete the processes and procedures todo something by machines without human assistance. The concept is develop thetechnology to perform task without humaninterference or assistance. The task may include production, manufacturing,researching, transporting and simple basic actions like walking, talking,driving, etc. Robotics in other hand, is an interdisciplinary branch ofengineering which includes mechanical, electrical and computer science.
Roboticengineering deals with the branch of engineering that develops robots which canperform task that a human being cannot perform or is too dangerous for humanlife. T I. INTRODUCTION Abstract—This document explains the term Autonomous Robots and itsdevelopment from conventional robots to modern concepts and developments ofautonomous robots. This document will also explain about how the autonomousrobots came in play and how it took over the industrial manufacturing methodsfrom traditional human labor to robots.
The evolution of automated robots fromsimple mechanical robots are described in this review. Different documents,articles, books and online sources were used to write this document.