Athens and Sparta were the most powerful city-states of Ancient Greece. In the 9th century BCE 4 villages in Laconia combined to form Sparta. In 736-716 BCE Athens and Sparta conquered Messenia and turned their entire population into slaves. The slaves outnumbered Spartans 7 to 1. Sparta was ruled by two kings and 28 elders. Sparta government was called Oligarchical, it was elected by their citizens who were over 30 years old.
A Gerousia was a council of older people, it had 30 members including the two kings. The kings prepared business for the assembly. Their system combined Monarchy, Oligarchy which was ruled by a few, and Democracy. Ephors were believed to be judges who controlled the assembly and Gerousia. There were 5 Ephors elected every year, people believe that their role was mysterious.
The Spartans was ruled by two kings and their power was equalized by the elected board of ephors (who may only serve a single year term) until they died or were forced out of the office. Sparta also focused more on war and obedience. Although Spartans believed in loyalty to the state, but that was their sole reason for their being.
Sparta became a military stronghold by focusing only on expanding their power and gaining control over their kingdoms. Spartans always kept themselves unless they were under attack or their army was needed. Sparta also believed in worshiping Greek gods, goddesses, and the bravery on the during war.
Athens shaped democracy in ancient Greece, Cleisthenes was put in control of Athens in 508/7 to create a new type of government it started by reorganizing Athens into 10 tribes, dividing the army into 10 units, having 10 generals, and creating a tenth archon. Both tribes were represented equally. Cleisthenes new government was called Demokratia, Democracy. They always wanted to take over and rule as much land as they could.
Athens was ruled by a council of 500 members who were elected by citizens. The main leader for the Athenians was the Strategos, who was elected every year. Ostracism Elections were believed to be special because they were weird elections to prevent tyranny.
They also elected 9 archons that ruled Athens, but they were changed out every year. Athenian democratic government was elected and ruled by an upper class male population. There were 3 main archons: Eponymous was the main leader, the Polemarch was the leader of the army, Basileus was like a mayor, and there were 6 other archons, their names were, Thesmothetai they were lawgivers, lawgivers were like judges, the council of the Areopagus served to create policy. Cleisthenes was put in control of Athens in 508/7 to create a new type of government it started by reorganizing Athens into 10 tribes, dividing the army into 10 units, having 10 generals, and creating a tenth archon. Both tribes were represented equally. Athens life was a creative wonderland.
As an Athenian, you could get a good education and could pursue any of several kinds of arts or sciences. The Athenians grew in the fields of base and culture. Now that we know a lot about each of these topics, let’s talk about the similarities and differences.Athens and Sparta had many similarities in the way they ran their government. Sparta and Athens were both greek city-states that dominated ancient Greece in 500 BCE. Athens and Sparta choose their rulers from an assembly and council.