As a failure to recover after experiencing or witnessing

As professor Garcia said in his article, “the reason why so many cases of domestic violence go unreported are both personal and societal” (536). It’s very difficult for women, to accept that they are being abused by a person whom loved  and cared for them. For that reason, there are multiple unknown cases. Victims have a hard time accepting they are being abused, finding the strength to leave their partner. One of the top reasons victims keep quiet for so long, is because they feel embarrassed of their situation; they don’t want to receive the care. Victims suffer from low self-esteem; therefore they  agree that it’s their fault they are being hurted. Their abuser brainwashes them to believe, they are worthless and deserve to be treated that way. Furthermore, many women depend on their partner financially, which makes men over power them. According to, National Coalition violence occurs every 9 seconds. An average of 20 people, are physically abused by intimate partners in every minute. This equates, to more than 10 million abuse victims annually. A typical day, domestic violence hotlines nationwide receive approximately 20,800 calls. Domestic violence accounts for 15% of all violent crime (NADV).Other effect caused by domestic violence is called Post-traumatic stress disorder ( PTSD ); which is a mental health condition. Leading to a failure to recover after experiencing or witnessing a terrifying event, as well as severe psychological shock, typically involving disturbance of sleep and constant vivid recall of the experience, with dulled responses to others and to the outside world. The symptoms include nightmares, anxiety, depression, flashbacks from the terrifying event. Depression is a brain disorder, which is characterized by persistently depressed mood or loss of interest in activities, causing significant impairment in daily life, there are unexplained crying, lack of eating, as well as overeating. Depression can always end up to  suicidal. Dissociative disorder, is  when the person daydreams and ignores the outside world.According to, the most common physical abuse, include, bruises or that look like they came from choking, punching or defending oneself, black eyes, red or purple marks. Some long terms, abuse include chronic fatigue ( tiredness ) , shortness of breath, muscle tension, involuntary shaking, in women. More negative effects of domestic violence physical and emotional abuse, from these terrible traumas. The trauma of the body, is when the physical danger threatens and controls the ability, to escape, and to be stop. The body, can not fight, because of the lack of energy and short circuits. The short circuits, affect both the body and the brain, which are can release schockes, dissociation and many other kinds of involuntary responses while the violence is happening. The circuits last until the domestic violence has ended, this effect  occurs in a victim’s  daily life and therapy are needed (Barnett, 2000). In 2010, past  president Obama, made a campaign during advocated for women suffering from domestic violence, his goal was  to decrease the ratio of one out of three women suffering from domestic violence in the United State. Barker, quoted on New York Times during Obama’s speech, “nobody in America should live in fear because they’re unsafe in their own home, no adult and no child, and no one who is the victim of abuse should ever feel that they have no way to get out” (Obama, 2010). The white house began to honor, the awareness of domestic violence and educated the surroundings. In some cases, Obama was able to give resident cards, to undocumented victims of domestic violence. Domestic violence can both affect the victim and as well has the person committing it, because their laws that will put a stop and hurt the person committing. There are multiple charges for domestic violence as well as penalties. According to,  domestic violence offense can be charged as either a misdemeanor or felony with penalties, which vary among states. For example in the state of Oregon, a person convicted of a misdemeanor in Oregon can be sentenced to up to one year in jail and a fine up to $6,250, as well as both. A person convicted of a “class C felony”. Can be sentenced to up to five years in person, or a fine up to $125,000, even both. For a person who has convicted a “class B felony”, can be put in jail, up to ten years, or fine up to $250,000, including both. Finally a person convicted of a “class A felony”, can be sentenced up to twenty years in prison and $375,000, as well as both  ( Each felony depends, on what time of violence the person has done to the victim. The factors to be converted  Class A, which is also known as “first degree”, need to include first-degree rape, first-degree manslaughter, aggravated vehicular homicide, and first-degree assault. Class B, includes first-degree aggravated theft, laundering a monetary instrument, first-degree abuse of a corpse, unlawful possession of body armor. In this situation class C, is not a solution for domestic violence. Lastly the non degree crime, which is the unclassified involves the factors of , murder, aggravated murder. A judge will, decide on which class and punishment the convertor will need to take for hurting the victim after, reach has been done. Plus, these punishments are given by a judge to the person, they are have to must pay for the victims restitution, which involves reimbursing the victim for any expenses resulting from the crime, such as the cost of medical treatment or counseling, or repair or replacement of damaged property, in the state of Oregon (         To find a solution towards this problem, there are variety of  factors that are needed to be done. The first factor is to have penalties stronger in equal on each state. Another factor is to educate, every person on topic of domestic violence, just as drugs and preventable pregnancy in health class, domestic violence should be thought. The problem can start since, at a very young age, being talked at high school will prevent cases. The last step for this problem, will include to understand how cultural beliefs contribute to interpersonal violence and support ways to encourage it to stop before it affects their future generations.