Are should be separated by gender due to the

            Are male and
female students distracted by the opposite sex disturbing their overall learning
in classroom settings? Research indicates in single-sex classrooms; fewer
distractions allow students a greater focus on their studies increasing the
overall success of the students. The U.S Department of Education defines
single-sex education as “education at the elementary, secondary, or
postsecondary level in which males and females attend exclusively with members
of their own sex” (“Executive Summary”). Single-sex schools became popular in
the late 1990’s when the United States Supreme Court established in United
States vs. Virginia that “Single-sex classrooms were only constitutional if
comparable resources were available to both genders” (“Pros and Cons of
Single-Sex Education”). High schools should be separated by gender due to the developmental,
behavioral and performance benefits that expand educational opportunities.

To begin,
research indicates females and males develop at different rates in their lives
affecting their cognitive mental abilities. Martha Denckla, neuroscientists of
Kennedy Krieger Institute and the John Hopkins University of Medicine, conducted
experiments regarding female and male gender development. Dr. Denckla found
“the female brain develops faster from twenty weeks of pregnancy through
puberty” (Shulzke). For example, South Carolina Department of Education worker
David Chadwell experimented distinguishing the best learning styles for each
gender. Chadwell’s results indicated “boys prefer structure and females prefer
opportunities to make connections between themselves and the content” (Chadwell).
Consequently, teachers in single sex-schools teach their students based on their
student’s gender maturity increasing the overall learning content. Single-sex
schools allow teachers to modify their teaching styles and lessons to fit the
gender best enrolled at the school. In addition, Virginia Bonomo, author of the
book Gender Matters in Elementary
Education claims “the left side of the brain used in verbal and written
associations develops sooner in females than males allowing females to perform
better in those areas” (“Boys’ and Girls’ Brains”). Therefore, teachers in
single-sex schools tailor the learning environment to provide more significant
comprehension amongst students. Single-sex schools benefit males and females
due to their brains progressing at different rates increasing their overall education.

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    In addition to tailoring education due to
the different stages of brain development, men and women in single-gender
education develop strong character and esteem traits due to the strong unity
amongst the schools. As an example, Chicago’s all-male African-American high
school, Ron Brown Prep, stresses the school motto “young men to be
compassionate, honest, and disciplined, respectful, and courageous men” (Hozien).
All of the senior students at Ron Brown Prep graduated in the year 2016
creating history amongst the crime-stricken Chicago area becoming the only
school with a one hundred percent graduation rate (Hozien). A student at Ron
Brown Prep stated that “If things are going bad at home when I get here,
they help me, they mentor me, they give me a solution to my problems,” he
said. “And I put that solution to the test, and 100 percent of the time it
works out for my good. It’s one of the reasons I’ve stayed here for four years”
(Levy). Given these points, single-sex schools promote a system of unity
allowing students to think and grow in similar ways. With the removal of
opposite sexes, students are free to express themselves openly and increase in
self-esteem. Likewise, a female student attending an all-girls boarding school
stated: “I could wake up five minutes before class, pull on clothes, and feel
just as beautiful as I would have with full hair and makeup” (Gross-Loh). The
community aspect of single-sex schools promotes character growth amongst the
students.

Along with behavioral
benefits, separating male and female students results in higher graduation
rates and tests scores. For instance, Booker T. Washington High School located
in Memphis, Tennessee switched to same-sex classes. The principal, Alishia
Kiner, found the “graduation rate increased from 53% to 90% in 2017” (Washington).
Teachers at Booker T. Washington found single-sex classes allow the students to
become academically competitive by challenging the opposite genders (Washington).
One teacher stated, “I have an all-boys class and an all-girls class. My boys
are extremely competitive and want to score better than the girls” (Washington).
Likewise, a public high school in Florida separated students into single-sex or
co-ed classes with the same overall class size and curriculum. The single-sex
students performed dramatically better on the standardized tests. The
experiment found “37% of the boys in the co-ed classes scored proficient on the
state test, compared to the 86% of the boys in the same single-sex classrooms”
(“Single-Sex vs. Coed”). Generally speaking, single-gender education leads to
an increase in overall student achievement. Statistics indicate due to
single-sex schools, the total education performance of males and females surges.

On the other
hand, opponents of single-sex schools argue that separating females and males
interferes with the “real” world (Anderson). Coed advocates believe students
need to learn with the opposite sex to develop communication skills necessary
for future jobs. In support of that, sports, activities, and clubs in
single-sex schools often involve the opposite gender allowing the students to
build relationships and interact. Another argument supporting coed learning
includes the fact that single-sex education creates gender stereotypes that
affect the behavior and the attitude of students (Anderson).
For example, teachers at single-sex schools may reinforce gender stereotypes by
steering females away from math, science, and technology while boy students
focus less on the arts. While this may be true in some cases, most single-sex
education centers allow students to choose classes based on their interest
towards the subject. In most single-sex schools a plethora of courses is
available allowing students the opportunity to learn a variety of material.

                     In
summation, single-sex education equips students with behavior, developmental,
and performance benefits that optimize learning. Teachers in single-sex
classrooms modify lessons based on gender maturity enhancing the learning
quality. Due to the unity in single-sex schools, students develop into people
of high character. Research shows separating female and male students increases
test scores and overall classroom attendance. Separating students by gender
provides an educational atmosphere that equips students with more advantages
than coed learning. Single-sex schools allow students to progress at timely
manners, grow into a person of high character, and score well on educational
tests.