Age:When the woman isaround 35-40 years old the risk of miscarriage is higher. (The American CollegeOf Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 2015)It is highly suggested by many doctors for women togive birth at an early age (18-30). Their opinions are based on the woman’sbody’s highest capability of providing best quantity of nutrients, goingthrough labor pain, and recovering from the procedure.
Chromosomeabnormalities: 50% of pregnancy loss is due to chromosomicanomalies of the fetus. The 50% of these anomalies usually is autosomic and themost common is trisomy, monosomy X. (Stephenson & Awartani & Robinson, 2002)In the 21st century, now more than ever, theconsequences of vast population growth, and with 7 billion people inhabitingour planet, chromosomic abnormalities are at their highest chance of occurring.
The average woman’s body is able to detect most of these and force into amiscarriage, in hope that the woman will not go through dangers during labor.Endocrinefactors: diabetes, thyroiddisease polycystic ovarian syndrome are endocrine disorders that may cause miscarriage.(FORD& SCHUST, 2009)There are also cases in which miscarriage has to dodirectly with the woman’s health and nothing at all with the fetus. It is verycritical that the host is able to maintain her own well-being before providingfor another living organism. That is why it is very important that theappropriate examinations are done to ensure a normal pregnancy.Anatomicabnormalities: 10% to 15% ofcases of miscarriage.
The most common is the anomaly of the uterus. Otherabnormalities are unicornuate, didelphic uteri. (Lin Pc, 2004)Once again, a thorough examination of the woman willshow if her anatomy (uterus) will outcome the pregnancy. Breastfeeding: The breastfeeding to the newborn of the pregnancymay cause a pregnancy loss due to the fact that the contraction of theendometrium is activated.
(Karpathios, 2001)More than one pregnancies during periods too close toeach other should be avoided, as the body still needs time to recover and takecare of a newborn even after the labor(breastfeeding). Poisoning: A big part of motherhood has to do withresponsibility. Nutrition is of the utmost importance as it determines thefoundation on which the fetus’ body will be built. Certain bacteria’s infections such assalmonella enterocolitis, listeriosis and toxoplasmosis are established aspossible as pregnancy loss causes. (Pejcic-Karapetrovi,2007 ; Gurnani& Russell, 2008; Finlay et al, 2005)Psychology: Intense psychological trauma can be harmful to the pregnancy.Emotions have to do with the production of hormones, a big gathering of whichcan cause implications.
The mother should try and live in a peacefulenvironment and control herself during stressful situations. (Karpathios,2001)RiskFactors: Such as smoking,drugs, alcohol, and caffeine during the pregnancy The direct connection betweenthe aforementioned harmful substances and miscarriage has not been detected yetbut is sure to exist. Any of these, that are known to cause addiction, canresult to an addiction on the fetus itself if consumed during pregnancy (size,cervix insufficiency, endometrial polypus) is proper.