According to Article 11 of Chapter IV of the UN Charter, Disarmament and International Security Committee, also known as DISEC, deals with disarmament and threats to global security and seeks for solutions to resolve international conflict regarding disarmament. The committee considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the Charter or relating to the powers of functions of any other organs in United Nations.
II. Agenda IntroductionAgenda 1: Strategies to ensure a safe AI development and usageGeneral Overview and Stance of involved nations Machines have become increasingly capable through centuries and it came to a level where it became successful in things like understanding human speech, competing at a high level at strategic game systems and routing in delivery networks. In the twenty-first century, AI techniques have experienced a resurgence following concurrent advances in computer power, large amounts of data, and theoretical understanding, helping to solve many problems in computer science. As AI has started to be recognized as pioneering future technology, many countries are putting lots of efforts and capital into this field; even in smaller economies like Estonia, AIs are being developed. China has outlined plans to become a world-leader in artificial intelligence by 2025, laying down a challenge to United States, who is dominant in this sector. Similar to the plan United States has released on October 2016, China declared on solving issues including a lack of high-end computer chips, software and trained personnel. Europe, at the same time, also has a growing and thriving AI industry. So far, there has been over 400 AI companies founded in Europe.
UK has by far the strongest AI ecosystem, followed by Germany, France and Spain. London is Europe’s number one hub for those companies, followed by Berlin, Paris, Madrid, Stockholm and Amsterdam. Meanwhile, Switzerland has the most AI companies per capita. India is also well known as one of the leading countries in this field along with U.S and China, due to its incredibly sophisticated skills suiting the needs of global companies.
Vladimir Putin has recently stated that ‘countries leading in AI will be the ruler of the world’ and AI has become an important issue also in other countries like South korea or Japan for the purpose of military assistant or work force. In this kind of social situation where AI is taking the center stage, its safety problem is also controversy. Definition of Key TermsAI: Abbreviation for ad interim, airborne intercept, air interception, artificial insemination, artificial intelligence Merriam WebsterIn this context, understanding AI to be an abbreviation of artificial intelligence will help further debate upon the issue.Urgency & The Importance of This AgendaThe urgency and importance of this issue of AI development can be emphasized by the influx of interest tilted toward the development of AIs by many countries. Blinded by the convenient impact AIs could have on our daily lives, many people disregard the dangers when used for military enforcement. During 2017, North Korea caused a ripple of anxiety across the world with its threats of using their nuclear weapon; combined with AI technology, any hazardous weapon could be enhanced into something even more threatening to mankind.
It is crucial that people begin to recognize the dangers AI pose to society and must be well aware that the convenience humans tend to mistake as their own, may be turned against them as a threatening trigger to devastation. Before hurrying to conclusions regarding the urgent need for AI in society and its convenience, it is necessary to ensure that AI technology is safe enough to be placed in the hands of the people, which includes a mixture of those who may use it as a gift to mankind and those who may use it as poison.III.
Status Quo Our world has been inspired by the flourishing industry of technology for a long time and it has reached the brink of the development of AIs. The technology is no longer a genre of science fiction nor a childhood dream, it is being enhanced in several countries, causing many to stare in awe at the machine that can understand the world through more than a pile of computer codes. The AI has its benefits but it also has fatal disadvantages. Many people in India are aware of the increase in unemployment rates once the AI takes over the working industry, claiming higher sufficiency in work. It has also come to mind that the AI may be susceptible enough to be programmed in order to harm the human race and cause devastation.
A simple string of computer codes may be enough to set off nuclear weapons and make the wrong decisions. Hanson Robotics recently created an AI named Sophia and the video of her interview went viral on the internet. However, not everyone was pleased when they heard about her plans to dominate the human race. Most people felt very uncomfortable of allowing a powerful robot void of emotions and morales to control industry and workforce.Considering the progress of AI development, it is up to us in whether we lead the human race to calamity or safety. Our obligation to ensure the safe development and usage of AIs must be recognized, especially since more countries are being inspired by the proficiency of AIs.
IV. HistoryMany people may mistaken AI to be a technological development of the 21st century, but the idea originated from classical philosophers who wanted to depict their deities with machinery. Clay models and calculating models were regarded to be AIs and people were inspired greatly by greek mythology to invent other machinery that functioned without human supervision.
However, problems such as limited computer power, commonsense knowledge and reasoning posed to cause dilemmas on the road to AI development. Scientists realized that a computer would have to hold vast amounts of data in order to function like a human and this would be impossible due to limited power.V. Future OutlookAs it has been found out that AI can double annual economic growth rates by 2035 by changing the nature of work, creating the relationship between man and machine, it will continue to have big impacts on businesses.
As a matter of fact, it will increase labor productivity up to 40 percent and enable people to make good use of their time. Some concern that if AI eventually reaches the singularity point and is able to program itself, while it designs and manufactures the robots needed to expand its physical computing infrastructure, the role of humans will decrease at a rapid rate. According to statistics, 47% of all employment opportunities will be occupied by machines within the next two decades. However, there is also a statistic that most people have the belief that their job will still be maintained.
Renowned economist Daniel Lacelle has claimed that if technology really destroyed jobs, there would be no work today for anyone.This graph above shows that startup activities in AI is increasing year after year. It is currently being initiated by internet giants like Google, Microsoft, Amazon, Facebook, Baidu and others. Although there are concerns regarding AI such as high cost, no replicating humans, no improvement in experience and many other ethical problems, it is predicted that it will still be actively developed. VI. Possible SolutionsIn terms of the concern brought up by many people, there are some possible actions humanity could take to assure safe AI usage. Basic ones range from donating to organizations doing the kinds of technical and strategic research in AI safety to persuading people to take AI safety seriously, especially when the person is an AI intelligence. There are also some technological issues.
Data is essential in AI. There is even a saying that ‘first you get the data, then you get the AI’. These systems don’t just require more information than humans to understand concepts or recognize features, they require hundreds of thousands times more, says Neil Lawrence, a professor of machine learning at the University of Sheffield and part of Amazon’s AI team. He asserts that big technology firms are successful because they have mountains of data. The problem, says Lawrence, is not really about finding ways to distribute data, but about making our deep learning systems more efficient and able to work with less data. At the same time, it needs to be multitasking.
These two problems take time to resolve and the country who takes lead in solving these issues will be pioneering the AI market.VII. ConclusionAI’s do have risks, obviously, however, it is also important to take the opportunity and make the best use of it.
AIs and robotics will penetrate into our lives more and more as time goes and it is currently the center of enterprise. When we think about machine intelligence it always feels like a something from the Sci-Fi movie. Nonetheless, the digital assistants in our phone like Siri, Google Assistant or Cortana is closer than ever to make that fiction to reality.Additionally, it can be a big opportunity for developing nations for they can start with pre-trained models and use our own data for further training in relatively low volume to achieve comparable results. It is costly to have a large infrastructure and tons of data to train a neural network but by following the way mentioned above, developing nations might be able to solve health care, transportation and industry automation problem, perhaps with a little bit of support from developed nations. Through developing a safe usage of AI, the world will sought a sound competition and cooperation between the nations.