Abstract: With the society development, there are some advance technology appear, which people have different opinion upon the technology. The major problem in this essay is whether the designer babies should be allowed and developed. I search the information in the library and internet to find some good and bad of the designer babies. Through my research I found that although the designer babies has some good part just like it can deal with some diseases, it has some serious problem just like it may cause some new illness which people can’t work out nowadays, so it better to ban the designer babies. Through my research I found that there are more and more new technologies that may bring us the bright future, but we should think twice before developing the new technologies.
I hope that more people can know it through the essay. Nowadays, the designer babies, “It has become part of accepted clinical practice in both the USA and abroad (including rules issued by the UK Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA)) to use PGD to help couples avoid bearing children with serious genetic diseases.” (Kahn, 2001, p.5) Although the designer babies is more and more popular, there will be a better world to ban designer babies, because it debates morality, has low rate to success, may cause new illness, and increase population. The designer babies is a violation of morality which is important in the world and people should not support and develop the designer babies. Pang and Ho (2016) said that there are ethical concerns as to whether people should apply these technologies to create designer babies.
The human performance and bodies are given by their parents, and everybody know that. But if people develops and support the designer babies, people won’t respect the laws of the nature, because people can change something without the bondage of the laws of the nature just like use the designer babies to change the gene of babies to change their appearance and others. “Early this year, about a month after the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) International Summit on Human Gene Editing, STAT and the Harvard School of Public Health conducted a poll of adults in the US on gene editing. Their main finding was that an overwhelming majority of Americans (83%) believe it should be illegal to use gene editing to “improve the intelligence or physical characteristics” of unborn babies.
A consensus statement from the summit did not propose new laws but did conclude that it would be “irresponsible to proceed with germline genetic manipulations without resolution of safety issues and broad social consensus on application.” (Annas, 2016, p.507) Many people think that the designer babies is illegal and it should not be allowed to change the babies’ gene because of the parents’ desire, it should be decided and changed by the nature. In other part, although it will debate the morality, the designer babies can lead to the development of technology and medical science. “Medical investigators estimate that genetic defects—however minor—are present in at least 10 percent of all adults. Thus, these are not rare events.” (Robinson, Fridovich-Keil and Fridovich, 2005, p.1) the research show us that genetic diseases are common in people’s lives and it will have negative effect to people, and the designer babies can be good for people to deal with the genetic diseases.
And then the designer babies can develop the technology of the medical part and others. However, the laws of the nature are more important for people’s lives because of the natural disasters which cause by the people’s caprice, people can’t use the life of all human beings to challenge nature. The designer babies debates morality which is important in the people lives so people better not to support and develop the designer babies. The designer babies has low rate to succeed that will waste money and time to develop the technology. “Around 40% of IVF cycles result in babies for women aged 32 and younger. Not even 10 years later, for women aged 40, that success rate is cut in half to less than 20%. A live birth rate of about 20% for 40-year-old women is not quite as bad as it sounds — remember it’s about the same chance a healthy, fertile 30-year-old woman has of becoming pregnant every month she tries, and far more than a 40-year-old woman’s chance without IVF.
Still, a 40-year-old woman considering IVF doesn’t have the 30% chance of having a baby she might expect if she just saw average IVF success rates reported, and many people underestimate the effect age will have on their fertility.” (Kincaid, 2015, p.1) It show that the success rate of the designer babies which should uses the test tube is not so high. And it will waste time and money to develop the technology and the level of science to have designer babies because of the low success rate. Although it has low success rate, this is of great significance for families without children.
“The flip side of a 35.9% pregnancy rate for IVF cycles is that 63.4% of cycles don’t result in pregnancy.
A woman doing IVF may have a better chance of getting pregnant that she would without the procedure, but it’s nowhere near a sure thing.” (Kincaid, 2015, p.1) In China, there are more and more couples suffer from having no children, and in China’s tradition, the couple should have children to have continuity of families’ and the designer babies can help them solve this problem, and the technology is important for couples who really want children and have some problem to get one. Although the rate is low, it is meaningful for them to try the designer babies.
However, the designer babies can be very beneficial to many families, but the technology has low success rate and the pay is not cheap for normal families that may waste money and time and can’t have a baby.