AbstractProjectmanagement is a systematic approach in helping a team to making plans andorganizing a project in order to make sure the projects completed on time andmeet the project requirement. There are a variety of difficult tasks forproject management to achieve the goals. The primary constraint for advanced asuccessful project is complete the project within budget and on time.
Meet thepre-defined targets of project is another challenges for project management. Aproject cannot be finished by individual, it requires a team to fulfilled it.However, communication problem always occur when they are doing the project.Hence, project manager is act an important role in assisting to manage the teamand ensure that the progress of the task is properly. Team building is atechnique in helping to increase the relationship among team members. In orderto gain the knowledge of method to manage a project, an interview was performedto PanoRazzi SDN BHD. This paper is discussed in details about the projectmanagement in this company.Literature ReviewExperiencecan gives self-confidence to project manager when they are facing some problemsand issues that relate to project management.
According to the journal done byChantal M.J.H. Savelsbergh 1, experience is classified into two types whichis formal and informal learning experience. Formal experience can gained fromofficially organized learning program such as undergraduate education with aparticular project management component. While informal experience may involvelearn from individual experiences such as study on how to solve the complexproblem during the internship. In this research paper, interviews and questionnaireswere conducted among 31 project managers. Informal on-the-job learning is themost efficient study for project managers to gain the knowledge andexperience.
Another important knowledgefor project managers to study from experience is hard and soft skills. Both abilitiesare essential for them in handling the team members.Toachieve the target of the project, project manager acts an important role toidentify the limitation of the projects such as time, budget and resources and theyare required to predict the situations that may occur. According to theconference that done by Kirsi Liikamaa 2, competency is means that acapability or potential which including a set of trade behaviours preparedaround an underlying assemble. Competency modelling is used to look forjob-related information and employee capabilities in the control of employees. Competenciesare categorized into two main groups which are personal and socialcompetencies.
Self-awareness, self-regulation, cognitive skills and motivationare consists by personal competencies. While for social competencies areincluded empathy and social skills. In this research, there are 750 peopleincluded in this survey.
Some of them are project managers that come frommultiple organization and some of them are university students whose studiedcompletely in their project. Leadership competency was evaluated as the highestbecause it is an important capability for project manager to lead the groupmembers as well as to motivate and act fair toward them. The lowest competencywas evaluated as production efficiency. Analytical thinking was chosen byrespondents as the willingness to improve the most. By having the analyticalthinking, respondents can carry out a lot of solutions to solve the problematicsituations. Besides that, achievement drive is evaluated as the most importantdesirable competencies for a project manager.
References:1.Chantal M.J.H. Savelsbergh, Liselore A.
Havermans, Peter Storm. (2016).Development paths of project managers: What and how do project managers learnfrom their experiences. InternationalJournal of Project Management, 34, 559-569.2.
Kirsi Liikamaa. (2015). Developing a project manager’s competencies: Acollective view of the most importantcompetencies. 6thInternational Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics and theAffiliated Conferences, 681-687.Project Manager – roles, importantskillsetProjectmanager is the individual who is responsible to handle and guide the teammembers.
A good project manager is required to provide solution in order toreduce the risk management. Project manager should be fair to all of the teammembers and give chances to all of the participants to express their opinionsabout the project. Besides that, project managers is responsible for makingdecisions whenever it is large or small and make sure that all decisions candirectly give benefits to the project.
Moreover, they should use the projectmanagement software in managing the tasks for developed the project.Accordingto the interview from PanoRazzi, project manager (Ms. Teo Lee Ping) mentionedthat motivation and understand the code is the most important skills as aproject manager. Project manager is required to give the positive thinking andmotivate all of the team members that don’t be easy to give up when they arefeeling stress or when they are facing some problems. A weekly meeting shouldbe held by project managers in order to discuss the progress of details andensure that all of the steps follow the deadline.
Coding knowledge is anotherimportant skill for project manages as they can communicate directly andexplain in details about the progress of project to the clients.