ABSTRACT area in a monkey’s brains. They presumed that


          Learning is a difficult ground to
understand, and it has been researched that color helps improve memory, and
learners are able to recall images in color easier than imagines in black and
white while creating an environment that cultivates learning. Color is the
purest form of energy, it is part of the electromagnetic spectrum, and a
wavelength that has a magnetic frequency. Colors can influence neurological
pathways of the brain and can construct a biochemical reaction. Every color has
a different wavelength in which influences our body and brain in unexpected
ways. Studies demonstrate that the information travels at the same time to
regions of the brain that are responsible for distinguishing movement and
changes. Color helps enhance many sensations of our body, for example, attention,
arousal, memory, and learning, Color helps both our sensations, perceptions, and
cognitive level of our lives. The different research studies show that color can
either have an influence in learning and memory or it can have no influence at all.
Color can have a major influence in memory, attention, and learning. This paper
proses the highlights of the relationship between colors, and memory
performance. Utilizing the correct color can influence our feelings, memory,
and attention when learning.

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          The world we live in is full of
color; color in which has been found to influence and enhance our memory
performance by increasing our attentional and arousal levels.  The amount of color in which we engage in
while retrieving information is enough to question whether color has enough
influence to increase our memory levels. Color provides a powerful stimulus for
the brain while allowing easier learning to understand and recall information
faster. Color is fundamental to the human experience it plays a significant
role in our lives and our perception.

          Researchers thought they had
distinguished this district of color decades prior when they could pinpoint the
color area in a monkey’s brains. They presumed that the human mind forms color,
similarly, to our closest living relatives. The neuroscientist at the
University of Harvard utilized the (fMRI)to recognize a region adjacent to, and
different from the color center in the monkey’s brain. They concluded that by
measuring the blood flow to differentiate parts of the brain that are viewed
color, black, and white images differently.

          In conclusion, understanding how
color works to enhance visual memory for images and presents a broad
information that measures the contribution to color in the encoding and
reignition stages. It is predicted that color enhances memory and presents an
advantage during encoding.




                                                “The Effects of Color on Memory”

          The experiment examined whether color
influences memory and learning. In the experiment, 115 college undergraduates
participated in the study. Every participant received packet that consisted of
a list of 20 words. The packet also included a mathematical task a blank recall
sheet, and a demographic questionnaire. Every participant received different
colored sheets, some participants received warm colored (red and yellow), cool
colored (green and blue), or white packets. The participants were given two
minutes to memorize the list of words. They then completed the mathematical
task. Followed by every participant trying to recall as many words as possible
on the recall sheet, and finally, filling out the demographic questionnaire.
The studies independent variable was the colors of the packets, and the
dependent variable was the percent of words recalled correctly by the
participants. The study hypothesized that participants who received
warm-colored packets would recall more words rather than the participants who
received a cool-colored packet or the white packets. A one-way ANOVA was
conducted to acquire results, and the results showed that the hypothesis failed
and there was not a difference in the percentage of words recalled based on the
color of the packet.


          There was no distinction for percent
review among color packet categories. A probability that the speculated was not
right is that the participants weren’t presented to the hues for a long time,
or there was an issue with the shading choice. The colors provided for the
packets were also all very bright, both the blue and the green colors used in
this study were very bright, rather than having calm colors. The brightness of
the color could also cause an arousing effect, instead of a calming effect,
and, perhaps the amount of arousal that color initiated wasn’t sufficient to
cause an increase in memory. Taking everything into account, if this test was
repeated it may demonstrate valuable if given an alternate approach design. For
instance, we can choose an alternative of colors, or increment the time of
exposure of the color to the participant. Although the hypothesis failed, there
are many advantages to this research including education. Regarding, the field
of education, instructors could color coordinate their handouts, assignments,
and slideshows to highlight an essential data for students.

“The Role of Color in Implicit and Explicit Memory

           Cognition involves many mental
processes, for example perception, attention, memory, and thinking, but can
color result in improved memory abilities. Color is believed to be the most
important visual encounter to human beings and color functions play a
significant role in strengthening memory performance, and an information guide
to help channel the human cognitive system.

          Vernon and Lloyd-Jones directed an
experiment to examine the effects of color transformation between study and
test from black to white to color on implicit and explicit measuring memory
performance. Their theory included expecting a shorter reaction time to color
in contrast with non-colored. In experiment 30 colored and 30 non-colored
objects were utilized. The participants were associated with naming assignment
of the items while in the test stage, and the participants were made a request
to perceive the articles which have been arranged in three distinct conditions
which included same color, change in color and non-colored. The result revealed
a significant effect on a colored object; this meant that the participants took
faster time to recognize objects in the colored than the non-colored condition.
The experiment specified that colored can have a positive influence on memory



          The studies showed that colors can
lead to better memory performance. There are however different investigations
that demonstrate colors on memory, the viability of color on memory execution
depends on various elements. For example, the consistency colors used means that
the color presented when the participants are asked to memorize should be the
same with the color shown to them at the time of retrieval. Another factor too
is the combination of color, this is important since it can produce a higher
level of contrast, which can influence memory retention. It was predicted that
higher level of contrast between colors would attract more attention or
information. Color, therefore, plays an important role in influencing consumers
psychologically, which is characterized by, attention, memory, and learning. 

color enhance our learning education?”

          From the above studies, we can
conclude that color can produce attention and arousal effect which can enhance
memory performance.  The experiment will
be using the experimental design. The independent variable for this experiment
is the background color and the dependent variable is the number of shapes that
are correctly named by each participant.


          There were 120 undergraduate students
from psychology classes will participate in the experiment. There will be 40
participants in each condition.  There
will be three groups of participants and each group will be given different separated
into different treatments. The first group will be given an experimental
stimulus with blue colored background slides, while the second group will have
experimental stimuli with non-colored background slides. The third group will
have a combination of non-colored and colored background slides.


          70 geometrical shapes each will be
used, the first set of shapes will be non-colored with black outline and will
be printed on a blue background, the second set of shapes will be colored with
a no colored background. The third set consists of 10 geometrical shapes with
blue color background and another 10 shapes with the non-color background. The
slides will be, will be presented using PowerPoint through a computer screen
and presented in the same order in each condition of shapes.


          This experiment will consist of a
combination of a study and a test phase. During the phase, each participant
will be presented with slides consisting of 70 shapes; and each slide will be
shown for three seconds. The participants are required to try to remember all
the shapes on the slides to the best of their knowledge. Utilizing color for
the slides has a potential to increase chances of stimuli, retrieve information
successfully, and the choice of colors can also influence human memory

                                                            Expected Results

          The red background groups did better
on tests of recall and attention to detail, like remembering the shapes and
performed better on tests requiring creation and imagination. The red group was
able to retain more information about the shapes than the non-colored group the
non-colored with black outline background had a difficult time reteaming
information and shapes. Color images were reported to have better memory recognition
red background, but the differences were small.