AbstractThispaper will inform people about heart disease.
Also, this paper will help peopleespecially those who lack the discipline of what they eat and do not have ahealthy exercise habit. The advantage of signs and symptoms to any individualcould save lives in the surrounding area. Knowing the risk factor for heartdisease is also a major knowledge that people should know. Most people lackdiscipline on what they eat and drink, especially during holiday seasons, likeThanksgiving Day and Christmas. This paper will help people to understand whatbad eating habits and exercise habits may bring to their health sooner orlater. Moreover, aging is correlated to people who had a heart disease. Peoplethat ages 65 years old or older have the highest record to have a heart diseasein the United States. Accordingto Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are about”610,000 people that die of heart disease in the United States everyyear—that is 1 every 4 deaths.
” The most common type of heart disease thatthat kills over “370,000 people annually” is the coronary heartdisease (CHD). There are 735,000Americans who had a heart attack. 71.4% of these are their first heart attackand 28.6% of these were people who had a heart attack in the past. Center forDisease Control and Prevention illustrated a chart that contains different raceand ethnicity and its connection to heart disease deaths.
The chart specifiesthat Non-Hispanic Blacks/Whites have the same amount of percentage of deathwhich is 23.8%. The average percentage of the chart is 23.5 which is a 0.3%lower than Non-Hispanic blacks/white’s ethnicity.
Why people experiencecardiovascular disease as they age? This paper will talk about the advantage ofknowing the major warnings symptoms of a heart disease, and risk factors forheart disease like eating fatty food, smoking, aging connected to changes inheart efficiency. Majorwarning symptoms could be a major advantage to any individual to be able to actearly for a possible heart disease. Having to know the warning signs or symptoms of a heart disease willgive an individual more advantage compared to other people who do not have anidea of what they were feeling. Also, that individual can help other people,for example, John and his neighbor George always chat with each other. Then oneday George tells John that he’s having a chest pain, shortness of breath etc.John already knew that it is a symptom of a heart disease. Therefore, John canadvise George to go see a doctor immediately so that early action will beapplied to the symptoms he’s feeling, or John can dial 911 if it is anemergency.
Some major warning symptoms are “chest pain or discomfort,upper body pain or discomfort in the arms, back, neck jaw, or upper stomach,shortness of breath, nausea, lightheadedness, or cold sweats.” Chest painor discomfort is the most common symptoms, people can usually feel this in”the center or left side of the chest that lasts for more than a fewminutes, or that goes away and comes back.” Discomfort in the other areasof the upper body includes pain in the arms, back, neck jaw, or upper stomach.
Shortness of breath mostly felt chest discomfort and it can also be felt beforethe chest discomfort. Other symptoms may include “nausea, lightheadedness,or breaking out in cold sweat.” In addition, “according to 2005survey, only 27% were aware of all major symptoms and knew to call 911 whensomeone was having a heart attack.” There are 47% cardiac deaths thatoccur outside the hospital which indicates that not many people were educatedabout the early major symptoms of a heart disease. If so, it could lower the47% cardiac deaths outside the hospital. Many lives could be saved if allindividuals are familiar with the early symptoms of a heart disease. Anyindividual could call their doctor right away or they can advise somebody to gosee a doctor or dial 911 if it is an emergency. Arisk factor is defined by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute as aconditions or habits that make a person more likely to develop a disease.
Mostpeople get carried away of eating a lot of good food during the holiday season.Foods and beverages can be a trigger to a risk factor for having a heartdisease. In the United States, there are47% Americans that have either one of the following risk factor: High bloodpressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. According to National Heart, Lung, andBlood Institute, High blood pressure, sometimes called hypertension, happenswhen blood pressure force is too high. High blood pressure “affects 65million Americans” and 90.8% of that have prehypertension. People thathave prehypertension increases their chance of having a cardiovasculardisease. High blood pressure can triggerother life-threatening diseases like heart disease, stroke, and kidneydisease.
People can prevent and controltheir blood pressure. Simple ways to prevent and control this are thefollowing: check blood pressure daily, diet, avoid smoking or smoker, beactive. Checking blood pressure dailywill give you your current blood pressure and this will indicate if it is low,normal or high. If it is normal you do not have to do anything, if it is low orhigh, you might consider checking with the doctor. A healthy diet is the hardest part but themost effective prevention of having a high blood pressure. Our blood pressurebecomes high according to what we are eating. If you eat fast food most of thetime, there is a tendency that you will have a high blood pressure at somepoint in time as you age. Eating fruitsand vegetables could help you lower your blood pressure.
Smoking or beingexposed to a secondhand smoke increases the risk of having a high bloodpressure. It will build up fatty substances called plaque in the arteries. Thiswill lead to atherosclerosis, “a process that high blood pressure is knownto accelerate.
It also causes a temporary increase in blood pressure every timeyou smoke,” Howage relates to heart disease? One factor that contributes to heart disease isaging. There are about four out of five people die of coronary heart diseasewhose age is 65 years old or older. In a Kaiser Permanente website, it saysthat “as people age, so as their blood vessels.” The buildup plaque was caused by high bloodpressure and this slows down the heart’s blood flow. Moreover, poor nutritionand exercise habits also increase the risk of getting a heart disease. Havingmore risk means that “greater risk of having a heart attack.” Heartdisease is the number one cause of death in the United States, because of this,doctors recommend regular checkups for older people and to watch their riskfactors all the time. Inaddition, aging decreases an “individual’s cardioprotective systems andincrease disease processes” which leaves a human’s heart a great place fordeveloping a heart disease.
In the United States itself, a study estimated of70 million people will age over 65 by the year 2030, this will represent thequarter of the whole population of the United States. In a statistical report, ages of 80 to 90 yearsold women get the most heart failure with 80 per 1,000 persons or 0.08% whilemen only get 65 per 1,000 or 0.065% persons according to age and sex:Framingham Heart Study with a 16-year follow-up. These numbers show that more women tend tohave heart failure compared to men. The total of 6% of the United Statespopulation is older than 75 years old, and with these age range, it is verycommon to “develop more severe cardiac dysfunction with time.
” As people get older, they tend to develop moredisease and prone to different kinds of them especially heart failure.Furthermore, cardiac heart failure is “the leading cause ofhospitalization in Medicare beneficiaries.” Medicare is only for peoplewhose age is from 65 years or older. This only proves that heart disease develops while people age. People age, so as their cardiovascularsystem. Some changes are structural, functional, cardioprotection and repairprocesses, increase cardiovascular disease incidence and prevalence, andsystemic disease or other organ systems. In structural changes, there arechanges like “vascular stiffening, increased left ventricular wallthickness (within normal limits) and fibrosis with aging, leading to diastolicdysfunction, increased afterload, and heart failure with preserved ejectionfraction.
” These changes have an important inference for cardiovasculardisease. Physically, there are changes in its myocardial that made it thicknessover its normal size. These structural changes in shape and thickness couldgive heart stress and its ability to be efficient.
Functional changes consistof changes in “heart rate, end-systolic volume, end-diastolic volume,contractility, prolonged systolic contraction, prolonged diastolic relaxation,sympathetic signaling, etc.” Although it has a lot of factors that are associatedwith aging, the “overall resting systolic function of cardiac muscle doesnot change with healthy aging.” Aging is connected to heart disease, if, aperson has a poor diet or poor exercise habits. There are proofs that anindividual who exercises has a less chance to get heart failure while on theother hand, people who lack exercise or stop exercising tend to be prone toheart failure. This is due to the change of function of the heart, if a personsuddenly stops what he used to do, for example, is jog every morning, he willget a lower heartbeat and fats will burn less. In cardioprotection and repairprocesses, this is a mechanism that is responsible for protection if an injuryoccurs in the cardiovascular system. It also repairs injury but due to aging,there is the decline in efficiency on this one. This also puts the heart under”increasing levels of stress due to its diminished functionalreserve.
” This information is therefore concludedthat heart disease can be prevented if early symptoms or signs have noticed,risk factors on getting a heart disease and what are ways to prevent these riskfactors. Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the United States,this life-threatening disease mostly shows itself if when people aged. Thesymptoms of a heart disease can be obvious but people do not give any medicalattention to it.
The people who know the symptoms could save a life of anotherindividual or has a greater possibility to live longer. Being educated on thismatter could change the number one cause of death in the United States. Duringholiday seasons, the family gets together to have fun. Eating and drinking arethe two habits that people commonly do during the holiday season. Eatingunhealthy food and drinking an unhealthy beverage like too many sodas oralcoholic beverage could trigger heart disease. Bad eating habits and badexercise habits can seriously damage the cardiovascular system.
Daily exerciseis proven to be effective at lowering the risk factor for a heart disease andthis helps the blood circulation to be smoother because of the high heart beatrate while exercising. Smoking and being exposed to secondhand smoke is bad forthe heart. This could accumulate plaque in the artery that can cause a heartfailure. Moreover, heart disease can be connected to aging.
As people age, theyare more prone to different kinds of diseases. Their body’s physical andphysiological functions are declining. Aging in women is the top agent that shows a connection in heartdisease, for having the most number of deaths annually in the United States,compared to men. Women should be exercise more and eat healthy foods to preventany coronary heart disease. Ages of 65 years old and older, men and women,mostly use their Medicare to go see their doctor and treat their heart disease.
Heart disease is a life-threatening disease but can be prevented if signs areshown in its early stage. Avoiding risk factors for heart disease could prolongan individual’s lifespan. Staying healthy like eating the right kind of foodand eating fresh fruit or vegetable juice could help prevent any heart disease.Aging is one factor that people cannot prevent but the only way to fight agingis to stay fit and healthy as they gain age.