A planned discoverycan be challenged by the beliefs and values of individuals. How is this viewrepresented in your prescribed text and ONE other related text of your ownchoosing? Discovery entails ajourney that is transformative and alters one’s insights into one’s self andthe world around them. Discoveries can be either sought or serendipitous andcan lead to positive or negative consequences, but they are ultimatelyintensely meaningful and concerned with the acquisition of greater knowledgeand a new perspective. Shakespeare’s tragic comedy the Tempest presents amicrocosm of society in which power structures are challenged, leading todiscoveries about human nature. Miranda also experiences the discovery ofhumanity, followed closely by her discovery of love.
William Ernest Henley’spoem Invictus reveals Henley’s discovery of bravery in the face of torment,ultimately leading to a transformed perception of himself. Prospero in the Tempest is challenged with unveilinghis humanity within the omnipotent ego he carries. Shakespeare composed thisplay during the era of Christian Humanism which strongly emphasized theoverarching theme of ‘moderation’. Through interpretations of the playsprotagonist Prospero, who’s misery being an indirect correlation to hisobsession with power we can see this. The initial vengeance is displayed by Prosperoin his allegorical explanation of his Brother Antonio’s treachery, “Of all theworld I loved, and to him put the manage my state”, he further expresses this infatuationwith power, addressing himself in the third person shown in; “and Prospero theprime duke… without a parallel; those being all my study”. The ambiguity of theline offers insight that he valued his studies greater than the dukedom ofMilan, of which was ultimately his downfall. Alternatively foreshadows the mercythat he will relinquish as he accepts the discovery of his humanity.
However,the characters Miranda and Ariel reassure Prospero’s ego through the repetitionof honorific titles such as “sir” and “great master”. A deep divergence isreached as Prospero is prompted into mercy by Ariel as he the ——–of “at this hour lie at my mercy all mineenemies.” Moreover, mercy and humane action is by Prospero through theantithesis of his statement; “the rarer action is / in virtue than in vengeance”as he sees the survivors of the storm distressed. Consequently, Prospero arrivedat his anagnorisis and eliminated intentfor magic and power, resulting in Prospero’s wholehearted forgiveness to escapeimpregnable vengeance.
Alternatively, Miranda arrives at her owndiscovery of of her identity amongst the human race as she welcomes new experiencesinto her life initially through the emotive language “O, how I have sufferedwith those that I saw suffer” where the anaphora of “O” is continues throughouther epilogue to dramatize the extent of her discovery. The compassion Mirandavirtues impacts not only herself, but is far-reaching and transformative forthe broader society. Her passive heroine enables eager longing for love andgrowth, aided by her patriarchal tutor Prospero who acts also as a catalyst,leading her into self knowledge. Miranda metaphorically makes reference to herrevived memories through “Oh my heart bleeds.
” Allowing herself to discovertransformative new emotions to the knowledge of love and man. William Henley’s poem Invictus describeshow Henley’s discovery of bravery in the face of torment led to a furtherdeeply personal discovery of his sense of self. Henley battled tuberculosis inthe 19th century, leading to the amputation of his leg.
During hisrecovery, he penned this poem, which acted as a representation of hissentiments in the infirmary. The tone of the poem is “black as the pit frompole to pole”, and uses strong imagery of a dark night to establish adepressive medium through which his “inconquerable soul” is able to surmountthe agony he faces. By saying, “in the fell clutch of circumstance/ I have notwinced nor cried aloud,” Henley acknowledges his bravery in a hopelesssituation by comparing his pain to that of a helpless animal trapped in theclaws of a predator.
Fleeting moments of hope occur throughout the poem, asseen when Henley states “the menace of the years finds me and shall find meunafraid.” The menace of the years refers to the concept of death, which iswillingly accepted by Henley should his treatment fail, showing hisself-assurance resulting from his bravery. The development of a strong sense ofself is also evident when Henley says, “I am the master of my fate/ I am thecaptain of my soul.” revealing a surety in his identity and his future anddenying his illness power over him. Henley’s discovery of bravery was anintensely meaningful experience for him, as seen in Invictus, and led toan altered sense of self and perception of his life.