A on how to handle a dog and also



A customs
officer is a law enforcement agent working on behalf of government, they are an
agency or an authority that is responsible for tariff collection, transport,
personal effects, controlling the flow of goods and hazardous objects that are
smuggled in and out of the country.

Once a
person goes through the customs (after being searched), that person can’t turn
around and go back where they just came from.

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The personal
skills and qualities that are required to work for the customs are:

1)    You should be pretty confident and
ready for people to come and speak to you as they might tell you important
information, or they might just ask you some questions about certain things.

2)    You will have to be pretty alert as
there are many people that are trying to smuggle in some illegal substances,
weapons and other things that are just illegal to possess in the country they
are leaving/ entering. One way people try to smuggle in drugs is putting drugs
like cocaine in a condom then they tie it and swallow it. This means that most
of the time the security doesn’t know about it as the substance is stored
inside the body. If that condom splits inside the body it would mean that the
substance would enter the person’s blood stream, if this will happens it will
seriously harm them or even kill them. Customs officers have to look out for
any signs such as body language and symptoms to determine if the person has any
illegal substances on them.

3)    If you work in a team with other
officers it will be easier and faster to get the job done. If you just decide
to work independently, it will be harder for you to get the job done and it
will take longer.

4)    You must be pretty bright and forward
thinking to determine if a certain person is trying to smuggle something in or
out, also where they are hiding the object/ substance. When you get this job
you will get the right training and the right knowledge of how the system works
and all the procedures that take place.

5)    You will have to prepare reports and
witness statements.

6)    You will get the right training on
how to handle a dog and also how to use all the equipment that you will be
given in general.

The only
people you can arrest are the people that have committed an offence or broke
the law by having anything illegal on them. A male practically always searches
a male and a female searches a female if a strip search takes place. If a male
officer wants to search a woman’s bag he technically can but she can say that
she wants a female officer to search her bag instead.

officers are basically the main security on border controls and airports, they
are there to make people feel safe and they prevent people from bringing in
illegal things into and out of the country. By doing this officers prevent
people harming the country on purpose as anyone that tries to get past security
with anything illegal will get stopped, this is good. Therefore officers have
to look out for people that are trying to cause any harm.

Usually, the
security guards have sniffer dogs that are well trained to sniff out illegal
substances, weapons, bombs and other illegal things. Also the security will
prevent the area/ other people from getting attacked.

that security guards are able to use:

You will
have to wear sensible clothing, most of the time a uniform and shoes that are
well tied so that if you are chasing someone they don’t fall off. If there is a
high security threat, you will get given a bulletproof vest for protection. All
security and defence industries should have bulletproof vests as they can
really save lives, especially where there is a high security threat.

Defence equipment:

All security
officers receive a lot of equipment that is crucial for them to defend
themselves. This is batons/ guns, pepper sprays. There is a pretty wide range
of things they can receive. All of this equipment is used to prevent any
assaults/ attacks from taking place. 

Flash light:

You might be
required to go into a dark place so having a flash light is useful as you will
be able to see in the dark easier.

Notebook and pen:

You will
need it to write down reports and any useful information.

Walkie talkie:

You will
receive a two way radio so that you can communicate with other officers in case
you need any information or you have to report something.

Mobile Phone:

It’s good to
have a phone as it provides direct contact to the person that you want to get
in touch with.


A heavy duty
belt will hold all of your equipment around your waist. It must be strong as
there is a fair amount of weight it will have to hold.

Patrolling of the premises:

You will
have to follow a strict routine. You might be given a certain time and area to
patrol. You should get a timetable that states when you have your breaks and
when your shift ends so that you can swap with another person. If you are new
and just started the job, you will probably put in short shifts or shifts that
are not busy. This is so that you can get used to the job and you learn the
basics before jumping on to do the harder and busier shifts. You will mostly
patrol the area on foot but people outside the premises will be going around in
a vehicle patrolling a perimeter. There will be a route given so that you can
go round patrolling one section. A walkie talkie is useful in situations when
you have to call for back up as you can communicate with others quickly.

Every guard
will be given a specific job to do, such as one guard might have to patrol the
area with a sniffer dog that is able to sniff out any illegal items and
substances. Some dogs are even trained to sniff out bombs.






Roles of
Prison Security Guards

security guards are there to look out for any dangers, and to make sure that no
weapons or any other things such as drugs don’t get bought into the premises.
They have to be really alert all the time and look out for any dangerous
objects like shanks. Prisoners make their own weapons from razor blades,
anything metal, or sometimes even sharp plastic objects. These objects are
called shanks and are used by the prisoners all the time to kill other
prisoners/ seriously harm them, but guards can also be the targets. For guards
it can be hard finding dangerous objects as prisoners hide them where they can,
for example they hide objects down the toilet, inside their pillows. Guards
also have to look for drugs as there are a lot of them in prisons. Tooth picks,
paper clips and pins are also objects that guards look out for as prisoners
might use them to escape.  

guards also have to search visitors as they might try bringing in dangerous
objects/ drugs to pass on to the prisoner. This is how the things get brought
into the prison, mostly drugs.


What can and cant the prison security
guards do?  

The prison
security guards have the right to search you if they believe that you are
bringing in anything dangerous or illegal. If you are a woman, you can say that
you would like a woman to search you. If you are doing anything against the law
or disturbing the peace, the prison security guards can arrest you. Guards can
only forcefully arrest you if there is no other way and you are resisting or
being violent towards them or anyone else.

guards are there to stop vandalism and violence. They should arrest anyone that
is trying to cause any harm. They really have to stay alert all the time as
there are many fights breaking out all the time. People that are visiting the
prison must also feel safe.  



security officers are mostly responsible for custody, supervision of prisoners,
care and they are also responsible for the operation of prisons.  Guards have designated areas they have to
patrol, and they have to maintain the behaviour of prisoners. All doors and
windows have to be inspected to keep the high security up to standard.

All cells
are searched regularly and often at times when the inmates least expect it. The
security guards usually find shanks and drugs in some of the cells. Admittance
procedures get carried out once new prisoners arrive to prison, prisoners get
issued with uniforms, they must fill out paperwork and they will have the
prison rules read out to them.

The main responsibilities:

1)    Protection of lives

2)    Maintain security

3)    Patrol the perimeter

4)    Protection of property and premises

5)    Detect crime

6)    Keeping records

7)    Locking up premises

8)    Searching the inmates belongings and

9)    Patrolling area in daytime and at

What personal skills and qualities
are required to become a prison security guard?

1)    You must be alert all the time, this
is so that you can spot out anything dangerous. This includes; weapons, drugs
and fights between inmates.

2)    You must be able to listen and have
good communication skills, most importantly you must be approachable.

You should not mistreat inmates and anyone around you.

You must be organised and have good tactics. You must also stay calm and
handle arguments well.

You will be responsible for the inmates and their security.

You must have good team working skills as you will probably work with
other guards most of the time.

Equipment the prison security guards
are able to use:

You will
most probably get given a smart uniform that you will have to wear. You will
also have to wear shoes that stay on your feet well so that you can run away
from danger if an inmate tries to attack you. You will receive a bulletproof
vest that will protect your body. Bulletproof vests are important if you work
for any defence industries, these vests can absorb the impact from shrapnel,
bullets and shanks.

Flash light:

You might
have to walk into the dark and by using a flash light you can see more easily.
It might also be useful when searching cells and looking in every dark corner
of the cell.

Defence equipment:

There is a
lot of equipment prison security guards can use, this can be; riot shields,
batons/ guns, pepper sprays and handcuffs. Guards use this equipment to protect
themselves from violent inmates. This equipment is really needed in a security

Walkie talkie:

guards and close protection officers working in retail or at events need a two
way radio to communicate with each other or the center.

Notebook and pen:

You may need
it to write stuff down such as important information or to write reports.

High visibility clothing and belt:

will see you more easily and it will make them obey the law as it will be hard
for them to do anything if you are around. Also by wearing hi vis other guards
will spot you more easily in daytime and at night.

All of the
equipment will be attached to a solid belt that you will wear.

There will
be certain areas you will have to patrol at certain times. If you are going to
patrol in daytime, you will most probably not have to patrol in the night but
in some serious cases you might be required to do so with other guards.

mostly patrol the area on foot as you will probably have one area to patrol.
But some guards outside might patrol the area around the prison in a car. Some
of the guard will have duties to monitor exits and entrances around the prison.
If a prisoner tries to escape they will be caught.

security officers will have to study some prisoners and some officers will be
told not to communicate with prisoners. There will also be officers that are
keeping their eye on cctv all the time to look out for any violence and to make
sure that none of the prisoners escape.

security guards are not allowed to mentally or physically abuse you as that is
against the law. They can search the prisoner if they believe that they are
carrying a weapon or any illegal substances.