Japan is a very bureaucratic society with many rules, procedures, and regulations. The Japanese are world class negotiators and they are doing a completely different business from North American counterparts. Decisions are not made faster and transactions are hardly completed at the first meeting. Negotiation takes time. The necessity of this approval is a usual practice, but stall is also a common negotiation strategy of the Japanese. The first point of note about Japanese people is to focus on the welfare of groups and organizations. They know the hierarchy well, but they are aware of the mutual dependency among the individual layers. In negotiations, these fundamental differences are indicated by the goals of the Japanese betting group for individual desires and needs. The Japanese represent great respect for both the position and title on their side and on the other side. They always show respect and carefully respect their responsibilities. It is by no means appropriate for anyone to criticize others or humilify them. Conflicts are avoided over all costs. Privacy of the office is the only place as a forum for such discussion. Relationship is expensive and is necessary to start business relationship. The last night legend of the karaoke bar is all true. If you want to do business with them, you need to know socially. It is understood that it is just a business relationship, but it is still necessary. Silence during negotiations is common and appreciated by Japanese. Silence is the time of reflection and reflection. As a negotiator, Japanese say less than most cultures, especially less than Americans. They have unpredictable and selfish transformationalists. When a Japanese speaks in negotiations, it is almost always a form of question that the other party reveals information. This approach is also a very difficult reason to negotiate with them. It is almost impossible to let them disclose interests and motivations.

RFID is not a new technology . It was first used in military. In world war II it was used for an application called ” Identify Friend or Foe” (IFF) 1.A very inportant technology in the context of ubiquitous computing is “Radio-frequency- Identification “, abbreviated “RFID”. The RFID technology is a technology that has the potential to chang e our way of life completely. In recent years, RFID became a “hype” technology. Many companies have already started to use the technology, first in pilots , later in productive environments.

RFID has become popular for using a wide variety of application ranging from asset tracing, services industries, logistics, libraries, manufacturing to supply chain. In 1948 Harry Stockman first introduced the theory and implementation of RFID in his paper entitled “Communication by means of reflected power” 2. But in the decades of 1970’s RFID technology achieved the interest in research community. RFID technology shows great potential for cost reduction, busniness process redsign, supply chain improvement and on-site customer support. RFID is projected to grow rapidly with the phenomenal advancements in wireless communication technologies.

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The libraries across the globe started to use RFID to speed up the self check in/out processes, to control the theft and to ease the inventory control in library. The barcode technology is slowly getting replaced by the RFID technology. RFID tags are a small low cost small device that can hold a limited amount of data and report

the data when queried over radio by radar. It can be active, semi-passive and passive which is available in many sizes with varying data storage capability. Passive tags don’t have internal batteries. It is built to encode data stored in the tag’s microprocessor. Because of the higher cost, active and semi-passive RFID tags are used for valuable asset tracking. The passive RFID tags are used in RFID library management systems

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