State has an inalienable right to choose its political, economic, social and
cultural systems, without interference in any form by another State1.  From the point of view of customary law, the
legality of the possession of nuclear weapons can be said to have been
confirmed by the unanimous extension for an indefinite duration of the NPT
(1995), by the vote of resolution 984 (1995) of the UN Security Council on
security assurances, and by the conclusion of several new treaties establishing
nuclear-weapon-free-zones, with protocols to be ratified by the Nuclear Weapons

of Ibra is a structure of minimum deterrence.

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The term “Minimum” is
used to minimize the danger of inadvertence and misuse of nuclear weapon.3
Minimum Nuclear Deterrence has been described as, “nuclear strategy in which a
nation (or nations) maintains the minimum number of nuclear weapons necessary
to inflict unacceptable damage on its adversary even after it has suffered a nuclear
The Sole Purpose of Nuclear submarine launched with ballistic missile i.e Ibra
is strategic deterrence.5
Anduchenca is a minor nuclear weapon state.6
With economic and technology constraints (GDP

1General Assembly resolution 2131
(XX), Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention in the Domestic
Affairs of States and the Protection of Their Independence and Sovereignty (21 December 1965), available from


3Beenish Atlaf, Understanding of
credible minimum deterrence, Nuclear policy and deterrent postures,  South Asian Voices,(April 3, 2015) https://southasianvoices.org/understanding-of-credible-minimum-deterrence-nuclear-policy-and-deterrent-postures/
((Last visited on December 31, 2017)

4 Landmark Cases of International

5 United States Navy: Fact File,
America’s Navy ,( 24 October 2017)
available at


6Khan, Supra Note 4 at