Recentchanges in lifestyle have increases the risk of lifestyle diseases. Diabetesand hypertension are two common factors responsible for burden of chronicillness and death. Human societies have changed from standard way of life tounhealthy life patterns. Increases of these change, increase the use of tobaccoand alcohol, also rise the epidemic of lifestyle diseases such as obesity,hypertension, diabetes, cardio vascular diseases etc.
By considering clinic andpublic health effort, magnitude of effects of risk elements, individually andin combination, in overall health is significant. To evaluate the effect ofmortality, by identify the impact of lifestyle factors, on whole health.Therefore consider both the magnitude effect of individual elements andcombined elements. InIndia, compared to other countries the Urbanization has been accompanied bysudden economic transition and changes in lifestyle.
In fact, the urban peopleare at high risk of related lifestyle diseases or non-communicable diseases,with the exposure of unfavourable health diets, alcohol consumption andsmoking, leading an inactive life. The studies reveal that, remarkable changesin the consumption pattern of sugar, fat and animal product. The people, who areconsume more fat than the normal diet. This cause them more risk of obesity andother related illness, such as diabetes, heart diseases. It is so calledlifestyle or non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, high cholesterollevel, hypertension, obesity etc. are different from other diseases, becauselifestyle diseases are not curable, these are preventable.
They areinterconnected with high blood pressure, increased BMI, malnutrition etc. whichcan be controllable with modifications in diet, lifestyle and environment.Therefore these are considered to be disorders rather than diseases. The present burden of non- communicable diseases reflects thegrowing effects of unfavourable lifestyle and causing risk factors over thelife span of people.