1) Research and write the types of dementia and include their symptoms and treatments?
Symptoms: Struggle to remember recent conversation, difficulty in speaking, poor judgement, depression
Treatment: There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, it can slowly get better.
Symptoms: Loss of vision, confusion, disorganisation, difficulty speaking or understanding
Treatment: There is no treatment for Vascular disease
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)
Symptoms: Changing in thinking, confusion, delusion, difficulty while sleeping, movement disorder
Treatment: There is no cure for Dementia with Lewy Body.
Symptoms: Depression, difficulty remembering recent conversation, poor judgement
Treatment: There is no treatment for Mixed Dementia
Symptoms: Slower movement, loss of sense of smell, sleeping difficulties, balance problems, the voice becomes softer, quieter
Treatment: This disease cannot be cured but the medication can help control the symptoms.
Symptoms: Lack of social tact, depression, not willing to talk, gaining weight
Treatment: There is no cure for Frontotemporal dementia, but treatments can help manage some symptoms.
Symptoms: Memory loss, depression, insomnia, difficulty speaking, blindness
Treatment: There is no cure for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
Normal pressure hydrocephalus
Symptoms: Difficulty walking, difficulty holding urine, depression,
Treatment: Treatment includes surgery in the brain
Symptoms: Abnormal movement, weight loss, depression, clumsiness, difficulty speaking
Treatment: There is no cure for Huntington’s disease.
Symptoms: Difficulty remembering recent conversation, abnormal eye movement, loss of muscle coordination which can cause leg tremor
Treatment: Essential vitamin can cure Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome.
2) Research and state what are the strategies to communicate with dementia patient?
The strategies to communicate with dementia patients are: –
l Avoid distractions
l Speak clearly and naturally in calm voice
l Refer to the patient by their name
l Talk about one thing at a time
l Have patience
l Listen properly
l Don’t argue with the patient