[1] upsetting is that if the rate of deforestation



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Such high rate of deforestation
has devastated the country’s check and balance of environment. The most
immediate consequence is the thick layer of smog in Pakistan. Due to the
burning of crops by Pakistan’s neighboring country, India, pollutants like
carbon monoxide, oxides of sulphur together with nitrogen being more
concentrated in the environment, which has led to formation of smog and other
problems associated to the term e.g. traffic accidents etc. On the contrary, a healthy
forest cover could have otherwise prevented this situation. Another environmental
hazard linked with rapid forest degradation rate is natural disasters e.g.
cyclone being more prevalent on Pakistan’s coast that threatens the marine
life. But, what is more upsetting is that if the rate of deforestation will
continue at this pace, Pakistan will not be able to cope up with its
international commitments that are under the Millennium Development Goals as
suggested by WWF4.

Forest degradation has been
accelerated due to the rapid construction of roads, bridges, underpasses e.g.
Kalma Underpass in Lahore and development projects such as Orange line
project, Metro bus service etc. Apart from this, lack of resources in rural
areas of Pakistan e.g. Balakot in North West Frontier has also prompted
deforestation. The majority of the population living in these areas are begging
for basic necessities of life, thus, it is very unlikely for them to give up
the only available natural resource in form of firewood and appreciate nature
instead. The administrative incapability of government and ineffective
surveillance of policies related to forest logging has led to the empowerment
of timber mafia in the country as well.

Despite some efforts being
done on an international level, unfortunately, Pakistan has failed to
contribute effectively to stop the massive destruction of forests. Pakistan is left with only 2.5
percent of forest cover which is the highest forest degradation rate than any
other Asian country. The most substantial conversion of forests is done in
Punjab and Sindh which is equivalent to 99,711 acres and 27,8743 acres


Consequently, the first
country to take an initiative for this global cause is Norway who has announced
a complete ban on deforestation. Norway was joined by UK and Germany in
pledging at the UN Climate Summit of 2014 in order to “promote national
commitments that encourage deforestation-free supply chains,” a report by
Huffington showed. Many other countries of the world such as the East Asian,
reforestation have also been implemented and have even exceeded the area of
forested lands. Hence, deforestation is rationally being dealt by such

organizations to promote the
handling of forests responsibly along with reforming policies to conserve the
forested areas so that it could provide more benefits to people.


deforestation being an environmental
issue, in terms of a global perspective, countries are not on the same page.
Some countries such as India, Japan and China are in favor of deforestation,
this being a source of biodiesel (an environment friendly fuel) and also a way
to generate income. On the other hand, other organizations and countries such
as WWF and Germany are against this as they consider deforestation merely a way
to destroy habitats and that this does not actually helps with the conservation
of the atmosphere rather it’s just a threat to the environment itself. Thus,
extensive measures are been taken by such organizations. WWF has been working
to resolve this issue for more than 50 years by working with governments, local
communities, stakeholders and other

Deforestation is a major
environmental concern and over the past century,
almost 30 percent1
of forests in the world have been cut down. A research by the United Nations
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) shows that around 18 million2 acres
of forests have been lost in last hundred years. Deforestation is especially
recurrent in regions with the most diversity of flora and fauna, such as the
Amazon, Sumatra and Borneo, the Congo Basin, and the Russian Far East.

The immense role of forests in our
lives cannot be underestimated. Forests play a vital part in the environment by
not only serving as a regulator of global climate by absorption of harmful
greenhouse gases, but also by providing millions of animal species with
habitat.  However, in an era of
constantly growing population and rapid advancement in almost every field, the
major concern is the desperate need for land. To resolve this issue, the
immediate action that people have come across is the removal of forests,
failing to care for its damaging consequences. This clearance of forest cover to
utilize land for agricultural, industrial and
primarily urban needs is known as
Deforestation. Nevertheless, this global issue has negatively influenced our
ecosystem and has a jeopardizing impact on biodiversity as well.