#1. of Cuba’s most fertile and arable land was

#1. How life has
changed in Cuba after the revolution

Before the Cuban revolution, under president Fulgencio
Batista, Cuba was plagued with unemployment and limited
water infrastructure. Less than 50% of children were given education and
hygiene was very poor. Furthermore, Batista was far more dictatorial than
anyone had expected. He even let American companies dominate the economy and
formed links to organized crime. 75% of Cuba’s most fertile and arable land was
owned by foreign individuals. All of this contributed to making life worse for
Cuban citizens and angered them. During the revolution, there wasn’t much
change in the lives of Cuban people, but if you were supporting the revolution
or joined the military of Cuba, you would have to fight for your cause. You
would be given access to food and water as these were two necessities for
survival and you were valuable as a supporter. After Batista was overthrown and
most of his government officials were either executed or imprisoned, the new
government introduced laws to provide equality for black Cubans and to provide
greater rights for women. There were also attempts to improve communications,
medical facilities, health, housing, and education. In addition, art
exhibitions, concerts, and theatres were built. Throughout time, all children
were given education, unemployment and corruption were greatly reduced, and
there were huge improvements in hygiene and sanitation. The new government also
subdivided the larger land into smaller cooperatives, therefore providing more
jobs and increasing the living standards. The government also nationalized all
foreign or privately-owned property. They were able to nationalize $25 billion
dollars of property. The government also nationalized all religious owned
property because they declared the county as an atheist country. Bishops,
popes, etc. … were expelled from the country. The government also took money
from mafia leaders and arrested them. For all foreign land owners, private land
owners, religious people, criminals, mafia leaders, or anti revolutionaries’
lives was made horrible because they were exiled, executed, or imprisoned. The lives
of the rest of the Cuban people had greatly improved from what they once were
because of all the efforts of the new government.

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#2. Significant
Turning points

On October 16, 1953 Fidel Castro, one of the revolutionary
leaders and founders gave a speech to the court during his trial for an attack
on the Moncada barracks. The famous concluding sentence to his speech was,
“history will absolve me.” His speech on how Batista had illegitimately seized
power and all the crimes the government had done was very inspiring to the
people of Cuba. After 2 years in prison, Fidel Castro and his brother were let
out to reform, but instead travelled to Mexico where they regrouped and planned
the next step in the revolution. Until this point the revolution had not made
any changes and progress was very slow. In the month of June 1955, in Mexico,
the brothers meet Che Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos and gather a total of 82
insurgents. They than set sail to Cuba on November 25, 1956. This is when
things really start to speed up and get going. Batista’s men learned of the
Castro brothers return and ambushed them on December 5. The brothers, Guevara
and a few remaining survivors fled to the wooded central highlands. The 12
remaining rebels regrouped and gained new members among their ranks. In the
highlands a force of 10 000 men was sent to flush out the rebels, the rebels
defeated this force with a series of guerilla attacks. Many of the 10 000 men
sent by Batista either fled or switched sides. The final turning point was when
the revolution gained enough fighters to attack and liberate Cuba. This is when
all the changes start taking places such as new development, greater rights for
women, equality for black Cubans, education for all, and less joblessness.

 

 

#3. Were the changes
brought forth in the revolution progress or decline

Today, society believes that the changes brought forth by
the revolution were great, but they do not know that there were also a few cons
which made the outcome not as great as it could have been. The lives of the
majority of the Cuban people changed for the better. More medical facilities
and housing made life a whole lot better for the people. Places of art and
enjoyment such as theatres, art galleries, etc. were introduced. The
subdivision of large pieces of arable land into smaller cooperatives provided
many more jobs. Over time the job crisis and water infrastructure problem were
fixed. There was barely any corruption and foreigners no longer owned any land
or companies in Cuba. Cuba also became much more hygienic and sanitary. Women
were given greater rights and black Cubans were made equal. For women, black
Cubans, and the majority of Cuban people this change was awesome. The downside
was since Cuba had declared itself an atheist country, the government seized
all religiously owned property and exiled the priests, bishops, etc. the
government also took out a lot of organized crime and seized money from mafia
leaders. Being homosexual was considered suspicious so all if there was someone
supposedly homosexual they would be executed. The society of today can see the
good and bad sides to aftermath of the revolution, but for religious people,
criminals, and homosexuals the change was bad. They would think that it was
better when they had the freedom to commit crimes, have the freedom of
religion, or the freedom of homosexuality.

 

#4. Two historical
time periods during the revolution

The
one historical time-period during the Cuban revolution was the Batista-era
lasting from March 10th, 1952 – January 1st, 1959. This
was the period of time where Batista ruled and greatly upset the people. Under
his rule Cuba was plagued with unemployment and limited water infrastructure.
Less than 50% of children were given education and hygiene was very poor.
Furthermore, Batista was far more dictatorial than anyone had expected. He even
let American companies dominate the economy and formed links to organized
crime. 75% of Cuba’s most fertile and arable land was owned by foreign
individuals. All of this contributed to making life worse for Cuban citizens
and angered them. there weren’t any other time periods during the revolution,
but one significant event was the United States placing and embargo on Cuba
with the exception of food and medical supplies. This embargo is still in place
as of now