#1. How life haschanged in Cuba after the revolution Before the Cuban revolution, under president FulgencioBatista, Cuba was plagued with unemployment and limitedwater infrastructure. Less than 50% of children were given education andhygiene was very poor. Furthermore, Batista was far more dictatorial thananyone had expected. He even let American companies dominate the economy andformed links to organized crime. 75% of Cuba’s most fertile and arable land wasowned by foreign individuals. All of this contributed to making life worse forCuban citizens and angered them.
During the revolution, there wasn’t muchchange in the lives of Cuban people, but if you were supporting the revolutionor joined the military of Cuba, you would have to fight for your cause. Youwould be given access to food and water as these were two necessities forsurvival and you were valuable as a supporter. After Batista was overthrown andmost of his government officials were either executed or imprisoned, the newgovernment introduced laws to provide equality for black Cubans and to providegreater rights for women. There were also attempts to improve communications,medical facilities, health, housing, and education.
In addition, artexhibitions, concerts, and theatres were built. Throughout time, all childrenwere given education, unemployment and corruption were greatly reduced, andthere were huge improvements in hygiene and sanitation. The new government alsosubdivided the larger land into smaller cooperatives, therefore providing morejobs and increasing the living standards. The government also nationalized allforeign or privately-owned property. They were able to nationalize $25 billiondollars of property.
The government also nationalized all religious ownedproperty because they declared the county as an atheist country. Bishops,popes, etc. … were expelled from the country. The government also took moneyfrom mafia leaders and arrested them. For all foreign land owners, private landowners, religious people, criminals, mafia leaders, or anti revolutionaries’lives was made horrible because they were exiled, executed, or imprisoned. The livesof the rest of the Cuban people had greatly improved from what they once werebecause of all the efforts of the new government.
#2. SignificantTurning pointsOn October 16, 1953 Fidel Castro, one of the revolutionaryleaders and founders gave a speech to the court during his trial for an attackon the Moncada barracks. The famous concluding sentence to his speech was,”history will absolve me.” His speech on how Batista had illegitimately seizedpower and all the crimes the government had done was very inspiring to thepeople of Cuba. After 2 years in prison, Fidel Castro and his brother were letout to reform, but instead travelled to Mexico where they regrouped and plannedthe next step in the revolution. Until this point the revolution had not madeany changes and progress was very slow. In the month of June 1955, in Mexico,the brothers meet Che Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos and gather a total of 82insurgents.
They than set sail to Cuba on November 25, 1956. This is whenthings really start to speed up and get going. Batista’s men learned of theCastro brothers return and ambushed them on December 5. The brothers, Guevaraand a few remaining survivors fled to the wooded central highlands.
The 12remaining rebels regrouped and gained new members among their ranks. In thehighlands a force of 10 000 men was sent to flush out the rebels, the rebelsdefeated this force with a series of guerilla attacks. Many of the 10 000 mensent by Batista either fled or switched sides. The final turning point was whenthe revolution gained enough fighters to attack and liberate Cuba. This is whenall the changes start taking places such as new development, greater rights forwomen, equality for black Cubans, education for all, and less joblessness. #3. Were the changesbrought forth in the revolution progress or declineToday, society believes that the changes brought forth bythe revolution were great, but they do not know that there were also a few conswhich made the outcome not as great as it could have been. The lives of themajority of the Cuban people changed for the better.
More medical facilitiesand housing made life a whole lot better for the people. Places of art andenjoyment such as theatres, art galleries, etc. were introduced. Thesubdivision of large pieces of arable land into smaller cooperatives providedmany more jobs. Over time the job crisis and water infrastructure problem werefixed. There was barely any corruption and foreigners no longer owned any landor companies in Cuba. Cuba also became much more hygienic and sanitary. Womenwere given greater rights and black Cubans were made equal.
For women, blackCubans, and the majority of Cuban people this change was awesome. The downsidewas since Cuba had declared itself an atheist country, the government seizedall religiously owned property and exiled the priests, bishops, etc. thegovernment also took out a lot of organized crime and seized money from mafialeaders.
Being homosexual was considered suspicious so all if there was someonesupposedly homosexual they would be executed. The society of today can see thegood and bad sides to aftermath of the revolution, but for religious people,criminals, and homosexuals the change was bad. They would think that it wasbetter when they had the freedom to commit crimes, have the freedom ofreligion, or the freedom of homosexuality. #4. Two historicaltime periods during the revolution Theone historical time-period during the Cuban revolution was the Batista-eralasting from March 10th, 1952 – January 1st, 1959. Thiswas the period of time where Batista ruled and greatly upset the people. Underhis rule Cuba was plagued with unemployment and limited water infrastructure.Less than 50% of children were given education and hygiene was very poor.
Furthermore, Batista was far more dictatorial than anyone had expected. He evenlet American companies dominate the economy and formed links to organizedcrime. 75% of Cuba’s most fertile and arable land was owned by foreignindividuals. All of this contributed to making life worse for Cuban citizensand angered them.
there weren’t any other time periods during the revolution,but one significant event was the United States placing and embargo on Cubawith the exception of food and medical supplies. This embargo is still in placeas of now