1.Introduction”We are disturbed notby what happens to us, but by our thoughts about what happens”(Epictetus).
Itis normal for anyone suffering with anxietyalongside other mental health problems such as depression or even suicidalfeelings. For instance, you may feelnervous when confront a difficult situation in life, before taking anexamination or before making a significant decision. However, what happen ifpeople who have worry and fear are continuous and overwhelming, and can beincapacitated especially about every social affairs. It may be the indicationof Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), also called Social Phobia, one of threetypical types of mental health problem with complicated patterns. In addition,Social anxiety disorder happens when we feel exceedingly worried about being embarrassed and judged by others (NIH,2014). According to a survey conductedby ADAA, Social anxiety disorder made a tremendous impact on nearly 15 millionAmerican adults and millons of people all over the world suffered from thispsychological disorder. Therefore, scientists and psychologists have made greatefforts to discover the effective treatments to help patients overcome thisserious illness.
This paper is for the purpose of raising awareness about SAD, aswell as discussing its symptoms, causes, effects and treatments. 2.Discussionof findings2.1.The symptoms of SADAs reported byRichards (cited in Social Anxiety Association, n.d.), those who undergo social anxietydisorder get into a powerful panic of being negatively judged and scrutinizedby other people or even fear interacting with strange individuals in a socialsetting. Critically, most of the people suffering from social phobia realizethat they should not be as anxious as they are, but ther panic is actually outof control.
As a matter of fact, they are afraid of talking, presenting inmeetings or in groups, having dialogues with people, while others are concernedabout and avoid a variety of social states. Entering intodetails, social anxiety disorder is recognized by two main types of symptoms: emotionalsymptoms and physiological symptoms. As reviewed by Goldberg (cited in WebMD,2017), all socially anxious people have diverse explanations for nervousfeelings in definite situations. But in general, people usually encountersubstantial emotional distress in the following social affairs: beingintroduced to strange people or when confronted with new people, beingwitnessed or stalked while doing something, being the centre of concentration, havingto perform in a formal, public situation, annoying somebody by chance. Alongwith emotional symptoms, the physiological expressions which are associatedwith social anxiety disorder may consist of strong apprehension, rapidheartbeat, self-consciousness, dry throat and mouth, extreme sweating, shake, hardswallow, unsettled stomach or other intestinal pain, breathlessness, faintness,convulsion and eye contact issues. Constant, severe fear that does not go awayis the most typical symptom. (Richards, cited in SAA.
2.2.The causes of SADThere are no obviousreasons why social anxiety disorder happens.
However, there are some pieces ofinformation that are ascertained to have caused this type of disorder(Goldberg, cited in Webmb. n.d). First of all, genetics may be the first reasonleading to this mental problem. Individuals who have a family member sufferingwith social phobia will be easily influenced or hypnotized than others.Secondly, it can also be related to having an overactive amygdala, one of the structuresin the brain controlling the fear reaction. According to Mayo ClinicStaff (2017), the main cause of SAD seems to be severe, extended, negativeexperience in early childhood. Victims have to tolerate frequent occurrences ofhorrendous physical or sexual abuse in childhood but primarily earlymid-childhood, a momentous course of development.
Additionally, children whoexperience practical jokes, torment, denunciation, mockery or disgrace may bemore susceptible to social phobia. A lot of discouraging events in life, suchas family dispute, fail or trauma are also accompanied with social anxietydisorder. In some people, beauty treatment or shudder because of Parkinson’scomplaint can multiply the feelings of embarrassment and may trigger socialanxiety disorder attack. As Jefferson (2001)reported, behavioural inhibition can be a principal predisposition toincreasing the risk of having social anxiety as well as other mental problems.Many different features impact on individuals during the period of growth andare probable to interrelate in complicated ways to elevate or avoid thebeginning of social anxiety disorder.
In general, thederivations of social phobia are assorted and complicated. Childhood maltreatmentand harsh conditions are probably hazard elements for this serious disorder.Wang et al. (2016) also asserted that there is aninvolvement among parenting styles, family functioning and social phobia. Andassured genetic trains can lead to socially anxious condition. However, it isvital not to dwell too powerfully on the fundamental causes of social anxietydisorder. Moderately, the emphasis should be for the purpose of the awkwardthoughtful patterns which arepreserving it. 2.
3. The impacts of SAD onpeopleJefferson(2001) noted the massive influence of social anxietydisorder on standard of living. For a individual with social anxiety disorder,daily social affairs bring about so much depression, anxiety and suicidaltendency that separation seems like a liberation. Social anxiety disorderprevents victims from living their own lives. They will avoid the circumtanceswhich are considered “usual” by other people. They even face a difficult momentbeing aware of how other people can manage them without remarkable efforts. SAD patiens show avariety of educational, professional and social incapacity.
This is a confusionof misplaced chances because individuals must spend most of their time onfighting against their disease. For instance, learners having social anxietydisorder tend to drop out of school in the early stages due to theirnervousness of poorly performing in their study more than their colleagues whodo not suffer from this illness. Besides, suffers of social phobia aslo havedisturbed and unreliable employment history podcast such that they are likelyto transfer from one office to another. Because they are worried about beingunsuccessful or not completing work when they carry out a assignment which doesnot bring forth the good results as they expect. In some other situations, the fear offullfilling leading an obligation usually makes them be away from work untilthey feel identically gratified that they will not be accquainted with thesimilar duty. Accordingto Stein & Walker (n.
d.), the absence of confidence and motivation affectedby social anxiety disorder makesvictims become lonely and separete as they are not able to make friends orinteract with people. For example, children who have to put up with the illnesswill have few friends and count upon them for all social situations. But familieschange place, children move to a new school, and it may be needed for them to startnew relationships.
This is actually hard for socially anxious children to adaptto a different living condition and they may be more fearful (Wells, 1998). Inother words, the frightened feeling of failing to be admited in the newlocation will strengthen social anxiety disorder. Thereis an alarm fact that most victims experiencing SAD try to commit suicide. Thecause behind foolish actions is because of the fear and desperate feelings whenliving in the periods of privacy too persistent (Nepon, Belik, Boltonand Sareen, 2010). After a shameful state among people, those who having socialphobia feel extremely hopeless about themselves such that they can find noreasonable solution to their problem except trying to kill themselves. With these serious consequencesabove, it cannot be negated that social anxiety disorder brings about a largenumber of difficulties, which force victims to put more effort into quiterecovered process.
2.4. Treatments for SADIn any forms of mental healthproblems, the treatments can give sufferers as well as SAD people a greatchance of getting back to their normal lives. According to SANE Australia, treatmentsinclude all the diverse ways in which people having mental illness can reducethe impacts of disease and raise the ability of recovery. And also, there aremany treatments for people suffering from social phobia such as psychologicaltherapy, medication and most importanly the supports from others. First of all, the methodconsidered to be an effective cure for social anxiety disorder is psychotherapyor cognitive-behavior therapy. As Stein (2001) mentioned that Cognitive-behavior treatment helps patients createand maintain a positive attitude on contact among people as well as modifytheir opinions about themselves.
This kind of therapy is also suggested toconsult psychologists and advisors to help patients deal with their problems.With the help of cognitive-behavior therapy, people suffering from thisdisorder may not be fearful and anxious in interacting with other people. Additionally,social anxiety disorder is treated by medications.
However, this method doesnot have a prolonged effect to enhance patients’ recovery without the use of cognitive-behavioraltherapy. Medications bring patients many positive signals, but not all,sufferers from social anxiety disorder because sometimes this treatmentmay not “suitable” for human brain structure and their functions. (Richards,n.
d.). Nevertheless, patients can use some types of medications toimpermanently diminish the warning signs of the illness such as headache, shake,breathing difficulty. Last but not at least, theappropriate supports from family and friend play an important role incompleting recovery process in patients having social phobia.
As Albano (citedin CFYM, 2014) mentioned family members and especially parents need to get aaccurate and cryptical understanding of this mental issue as well as helppatients develop friendships. Friendships are the fundamental factors to preservethe social interaction and social support, which are extremely necessary forsufferers not to stand the isolated feelings. 3. ConclusionThis research aims to provesocial anxiety disorder is not just introversion or shyness. People with thisserious illness not only lose the ability to speak in public and interact withpeople but also became victims from dishonest behaviors of human such asbullying, rape joke or discrimination, it is most urgent that we operate toprotect them from emotional and physical mistreatment.
Undoubtedly, socialphobia is exceedingly subjective but the innovations in the treatment of thismental health problem have brought hope and faith in a bright future.