1) chain. 3) Roger (2004) the researchers explained that

1)     Cristina (2004) the authors explainedthat define e -SCM, analyze how research in this area has evolved during theperiod 1995- 2003 and identify some lines of further research.

2)     Jose and Rafael (2004) these paper todemonstrate the potential benefits of using Electronic Data Interchange insupply chain management and measured that impact of EDI on mean inventorycosts, orders placed, cumulative cost, amplification and net excess stock inthe supply chain.3)     Roger (2004) the researchers explainedthat the analytical solutions agree with numerical integrations and previouscontrol theory results. Managerially useful ordering strategies are proposed.Exact expressions are derived for the retailer’s orders to the manufacturer,and the Bullwhip Effect arises naturally.

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The approach is quite general andapplicable to a wide variety of supply chain problems.4)     Samir(2006)the researchers explained that snapshotpicture of logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM) practices in India. Itis borne out of the felt need by managers, expert professionals andacademicians to address logistics and supply chain practices at the nationallevel.5)     Sean et al., (2006) the authorsexplained that little evidence to support that the size of a firm’s revenuescorrelate to the effectiveness of their E-SCM efforts and also analyzesselected companies’ current web initiatives in the automotive, financialservices, retail, technology, and transportation sectors.6)     Suhong et.al (2006) the researchersexplained that develops five dimensions of SCM practice (strategic supplierpartnership, customer relationship, level of information sharing, quality ofinformation sharing, and postponement) and tests the relationships between SCM practices,competitive advantage, and organizational performance.7)     Cristina and Helena (2008) the authorsexplained that e-SCM, to analyse how research in this area has evolved duringthe period 1995-2005 and to identify some lines of further research.

8)     Nizar and Suresh (2009), the authorsexplained that an extensive literature review to identify the latest trends ine-SCM. It also attempts to study some of the issues associated with e -SCMalong with their solutions and practices. The sample size is 79.9)     Xia and Dong-lei (2009) this paper is toanalyze the effects of risk pooling under different supply chain settings andshow that there are decreasing marginal returns in risk pooling practices undercertain conditions, specifically when the demand is independent and identicallydistributed and normally distributed.10) Choudhury (2010) this focus on the combinedconsequence of information and knowledge sharing on supplier’s operationalperformance through supplier-buyer relationship and show that informationsharing is a pre-requisite for knowledge sharing and the close supplier-buyerrelationship is a vital factor for escalating the supplier’s operational performance.11) Claudia and Edward (2011), theresearchers explained that the role of e-procurement as an example of howe-business concepts have been applied to one key SCM activity, namelypurchasing and procurement and examines the nature and evolution of e-marketplacesand goes on to identify key adoption drivers and benefits based on recentresearch.

12) Ming et al., (2011) the authorsexplained that advanced IT is the cause criteria leading to marketingperformance and customer satisfaction.13) Srinivasan and Ganesan (2011) theauthors explained that the influence of Information technology usage on supplychain capabilities of organizations. The sample size is 307.14) Ashwini et al.

, (2012) the authorsexplained that evaluating quality management issues within inter and intraorganization supply chain contexts are indispensable and have reported intensivestudies based on the work carried out by various researchers in the area ofsupply chain management.15) Hajar (2012), the researchers explainedthat explore the potential impact of implementing E- supply chain practiceamong SMEs and to investigate different supply chain models and to recommendthe most applicable framework for manufacturing SMEs.16) Hitesh and Jaydip(2012) the authorsexplained that focus on process that has an impact on enhancing Supply ChainManagement performance such as where materials come from, how their suppliers’products are designed and assembled, how products are transported and storedand what consumers really wants.

17) Inda et.al (2012) the researchersexplained that supply chain management practices has a significant relationshipwith supply chain performance statically. However, supply chain managementstrategy is a weak predictor of supply chain management performance. The toolis multiple-regression and the sample size is 200.

18) Lang and Cheng (2012) the researchersexplained that conceptual framework for examining the relationship betweenservice supply chain management practices and public healthcare’s organizationalperformance that recognizes the mediating effect of alliance integratednetwork.19) Siddig and Abdelsalam (2012), theauthors to identify the effects of different dimensions of supply chainmanagement practices on supply chain performance effectiveness of Sudanese manufacturingcompanies and they found that the practices of supplier’s management have asignificant positive effect on supply chain performance effectiveness.20) Suleyman and Mustafa (2012) the authorsexplained that the roles of E-SCM and the effects of E-SCM on e-tailingindustry in terms of e-suppliers and e-tailing perspectives. The tool isPorter’s five-force.21) Anni et al., (2013), the authorsexplained that the main targets of e-business in supply management are cost andtime savings and process development. It was also found that e -business hascaused changes in supply chains and networks in terms of bargaining and competitiveposition. The sample size is 100.

22) Ben et.al (2013) the researchersexplained that case study in an automobile horn manufacturing company forinfusing agility in the vibro-sonic horn’s supply chain. The current agilitylevel has been measured and the areas of improvement have been demarcated. Wehave chosen two models which have been already proposed by two researches inthis field for evaluating the agility level.

23) Nedra (2013), the authors explained thatSCM practices are a fundamental factor in the development of a strategicpartnership with suppliers and the customer relationship management. The toolis Correlation. The sample size is 400.24) Nikhat (2013) the author explained that thereis a stream of research which proved that the relationship between SCI andperformance is mediated through some intermediate performance outcomes andproposes that three dimensions of SCI – supplier integration, customerintegration and internal integration will lead to different performanceoutcomes which will further influence financial performance of the firm.25) Lidija and Neda (2013), the authorsexplained that the benefits and advantages to these organizations in building asustainable competitive advantage.26) Vishal and Sunil (2013) the authorsexplained that how the various sustainable activities are done by differentorganization in the area of supply chain & value chain.

The tool isRegression. The sample size is 120.27) Souresh et al., (2014) the authorsexplained understand the present status, complexities and challenges facing theIndian automobile sector.

It examines trends such as visibility and innovation,collaboration and supply networks and evolving leadership roles impactingsupply chain effectiveness. Strategies for overcoming challenges are presentedas also a framework for further study and analysis.28) Kalyani and Nagaraj (2014) the authorsexplained that reveal that the handloom industry is unorganized. This reflectsthat there is a supply chain management issue which in turn impacts productquality.

29) Alexandre et.al (2014) the authorsexplained that evaluating companies’ degree of adherence to a SCM conceptualmodel.30) Irene et al., (2014) explored thatexplores the adoption of e-procurement by the hotels in the Kumasi metropolis,focusing more on hoteliers’ perception of the concept of e-procurement and itsimportance to the hotel industry and concluded that e-procurement has a brightfuture for the hotels in Ghana as a whole and for the purpose of this study theKumasi metropolis.

The Sample size is 64. 31) Shahzad et al., (2014), the authorsexplained that E-Commerce and E-SCM adoption has a significant, positiveinfluence on SMEs, who have significantly higher average sales growth rate,on-time order management and delivery process than non-adopters. The findingsof this study can be useful for SMEs in general as a means of understanding howE-Commerce and E-SCM adoption positively affects the firm’s performance. Thetool is Cronbach’s alpha and the sample size is 210.32) Charles et al.

, (2014), the authorsexplained that quantify the relationship between the application of supplychain management practice and the performance of KCL.33) Rameshwar (2014) the researchersexplained that to understand the background which has prompted us to come outwith a new journal and the objectives which have guided us for nearly threeyears and eleven issues including the present issue.34) Arifusalam (2014), to demonstrate andreinforce the continued recurrence of the phenomenon of technology leading toenterprise solutions and showed that how e-business trends align with thesupply chain management perspective and the solutions shaped the SCM into e-SCMand related advances and trends were provided.35) Aziz and Sherzod (2014), the researchersexplained that to provide an up-to-date and brief review of the SCM literaturethat was focused on broad areas of the SCM concept. Literaturereview we used simple methods trying to select ones from different sources.

36) Zeinab et al., (2014), they analysedthat role and effect of e-scm on e-tailing industry from suppliers ande-retailers point of view and the impact of e-scm on the structure of e-tailingindustry with Porter’s five forces.  37) Deepak Hajoary (2015) explaineddifferent critical participants of supply chain management of e-commercecompanies. With stiff competition e-commerce companies are using their supplychain management strategy as a  benchmarkover their competitors38) Ondieki and Oteki (2015) the researchersexplained that identified the lack of supplier relationship managementstrategies lowered the effectiveness of supply chain management functions.

Thetool is Correlation and the sample size is 120.39) Sumanpreet and Shilpa (2015) the authorsexplained that some information and comparison between the supply chainmanagement of the two main leaders of the smart phone market which are Appleand Samsung. Apple Inc.

and Samsung are the two most common smart phone brandsnow holding most of the market shares all around the world. The reasons which madethem the leader of the smart phone industry are various. This research paperfirst presents the case study of Apple and Samsung and then focused oncomparative analysis of various aspects of Apple and Samsung such as marketdemand, growth, brand value, design, profit, pricing strategies. Analysed usingdescriptive method.40) Rajesh and Shiena (2015) the authorsexplained that the implementation of GSCM in the steel industries in the stateof Chhattisgarh is still in primitive stage except for a few of manufacturers.Unless and until the framework suggested is not implemented it will be verydifficult for the industries to compete on a global level.41) Mani et al.

, (2015) the authorsexplained that comparative case study methods, thereby first the authoridentifies various social dimensions based on an extant literature available,subsequently social sustainability practices of two different companies werecompared under various social dimensions. A comparison of social sustainabilitybusiness practices unearths the similarities and differences which led them todifferent approaches to sustainability.42) Alexander et al.

, (2016) these authorsaimed to minimize the risk of supply shortage and to improve the short, mid andlong-term demand forecasts and adapting and allocating supply chain resourcesby stability. 43) Ying et al., (2016) the authorsexplained that E-commerce logistics in supply chain management from a view ofpractice perspective and the implementation and corresponding models togetherwith the supporting techniques.44) Pradosh et al., (2016) the researchersexplained that to manage the food distribution network to achieve food securityis one of the major challenges confronting the world today.45) Fatima et al., (2016) aims to covertopic of e-Supply chain management from the passengers prospective. E-supplychain makes the process easy and it helped to save time and focused on themajor airlines of the Pakistan and will try to cover, weather passengers areenjoying the e-supply chain or self-service technologies.

46) Musenga and Cornelius (2017) this study exploressupply chain costs in four mobile phone companies operating in the SouthAfrican mobile phone industry, of which three mobile network operators and onemobile retailing group and found that consolidation of strategic relationshipsthrough collaboration and strategic alliances between MNOs and other supplychain players is one of the ways to drive costs down across the supply chain.47) Nikos et al., (2017) the main objectiveof this paper was to examine that to develop an approach for thesupply-chain-based alignment of complex global supply networks.

To introducedstrategic groups of supply chains as a segmentation criterion for complexglobal supply networks which enables the network-wide alignment of competitivepriorities.48) Dekeng et al.,(2017) the researchersexamined that examine the relation between the level of supply chain managementadoption and small & medium enterprises performance and proved that SCMadoption significantly affects SMEs performance. The result shows that thereare significant differences between level initiation, diffusion, andintegration with SMEs performance. The tools are one –way ANOVA and mean valuetesting.

The sample size is 300.49) Trinh Le Tan and Dao Thi Dai Trang(2017) discussed that issues related of benefits and constraints on E-SCM implementationin enterprise and found that the success of E-SCM implemented in enterpriseneed support from knowledge management.50)  Aniland Kushwaha (2018) the authors explained that expand the knowledge structureof supply chain management field.